Wednesday, 23 April 2014

Phil's Garden Moths 1999 - 2015 ... an introduction

To start off here, whilst I'd like to 'big it up' and refer to this Bloggy thing as some sort of cerebral scientific study, I must confess in all honesty, that all that this in actuality is, is some way of storing my records and photos in a form that is pleasing (to me) as well as being a rough text reference point for personal use in the future. As a manic recorder of moths (and birds) I have developed some sort of warped inner need to set things out and arrange them in a form for comparison year upon year and as I had nothing better to do, I decided to try having my own real, super dooper, proper moth Blog ... I am nothing if not totally delusional. Anyhow, I already had all my records set out in word document form, alongside tens of thousands of moths photos scattered haphazardly in my computer hard-drives, but only in a year by year form, and thought this set up would help me, purely by having them all in one place ... well that was the thinking anyway??  It looks just about okay to my eye ... but as I say 'just about' ... 

When I decided to take on this rather time consuming work and I looked back at my many years of photos, I was pleasantly surprised to see that I had a record shot of most of the species of moths that I caught here since that big day in June/July of 1999 when I first started running moth traps in the garden. My fascination with Moths had been sparked after a few years of nagging via my old hairy mate F.N.Solly, the android moth man of old London Town. Nowadays, a full decade and half later on, I just can't imagine my life without a moth trap ... or two … or three …

Unfortunately I didn't own a digital camera until rather late in life (the spring of 2006 as it turned out) so there are many photographic gaps that need to be filled as time wears on. The photos are of dubious quality anyway due to using only cheapish pocket type cameras ... I have toyed with the idea of buying a digital SLR camera, but would rather spend the money on guitar bits and pieces ... if I was loaded I would buy one ... but I'm not, so therefore will be forced to persevere with inferior camera gear ... I'm not all that bothered if truth be known. I used to have a Nikon 4500, with which it was possible to get half decent photos on occasion, but since that ancient relic packed up I've been stuck using various Nikon, Canon and Lumix compacts or bridge cameras, so obviously the image quality isn't and never will be great ... nothing I've owned has matched my old Nikon 4500 ... rest in peace my old friend. 

It never ceases to amaze me what turns up in a virtual habitat free urban garden surrounded by wooden fences, concrete, noisy yobs, spent beer cans and boy racer filled roads. The wonders of the world of 'the moth' are a joy to behold and I've spent an unhealthy amount of time manically checking my moth traps. Much of my latter life has become nocturnal, well during the summer months anyway, due to the pleasure that they give me. Up until the time of writing (May 2014) I've taken 415 species of macro moth here (and probably a similar amount of micro species too?) and although I'm far from a numbers/listing type man, even I have to admit that this is just a staggering amount when you think of it? I use the number just to quantify the vast selection of moth on offer, even in a vile area such as I live in ... it just fascinates me, and has proved an absorbing pastime even though no doubt, my neighbours think of me as a bit weird. The excitement of finding a good moth out of the blue has never waned and hopefully never will ... I can't see me ever losing my buzz for these truly remarkable insects.  

The Blog will constantly evolve ... I'm currently getting the basics uploaded and when this is finished I will start the inevitable padding out process of adding more and more information about this as a recording site of sorts. I think that it might take another month or so to get it into a basic form, but I doubt that it will never be a finished product. I will always play around with the set up and alter things that I don't like too much with my initial layout knowing me. 

I've spent thousands of hours mulling around the traps, taking photos, making 'many' moth traps, trawling the interweb for info and writing up records, there are few people who could even put the effort into their garden traps as I have even if they had the time and inclination. My mania has once again found a satisfying project, I only wish that I'd listened to Franny a few years earlier than I did, as the first time I looked into a moth trap it proved without any exaggeration to be a life changing event for me. 

And now for the gut wrenchingly cringeworthy bit ... egghh. 


Over the years I've received much help from the local birding community and though it pains me to admit to it, 'mostly' from the Hairy Android from Mothsville, mister Francis Solly. His knowledge far surpasses the rest of us lot put together* (times about one hundred too) and has been put to good use by me (and others) over the years. He ferried me around all the East Kent moth spots, putting up with with all my moods, idiosyncrasies and waffle mouthed stupidity and for that alone deserves a medal. He has also showed me more rare moths that any other human on planet earth ... not that he's a real human of course, but you get my drift perhaps? Other people include my little mate Gadget (four feet one in high heels and more front than Selfridge's) who provided me with various help, including a taxi service, help with obtaining digital cameras and on occasion the odd moth or two. His main purpose in life is of course as a useful source of ridicule due to his ridiculous lack of height ... but that's another story, written about in some length in other avenues of my twisted writings. Lastly, thanks go to the man with the gob and an attitude to match, Mister Dylan Wrathall, who again ferried me around a few mothing spots in the old days, providing a portable generator, ale (mostly consumed by him of course) good, honest 'in yer face' opinions and on occasion, wood and perspex for the building of moth traps. Good on you all. 



*I can write what I want about Franny as he'll never ever set eyes on this Blog. He doesn't do Blogs ... he says "They are boring" ... and once again, who in their right mind can argue with him? He's right ... they are boring, self indulgent and full of worthless waffle in the main. 



Until about 2001 or 2002 I always used to use just one trap, a 125 watt MV home made jobby which I rebuilt/modified about half a dozen times.  My original trap was a square Robinson type that was so large (about two and a half foot square by one foot tall) that it allowed a fair few rebuilds as I cut it down, making it smaller and smaller until sense prevailed and I had a serious rethink about the design of such a contraption. I then moved on to making some more sensible sized Skinner type traps [the initial trap I made was about half the size of the average garden shed] but was never totally happy with any of them. Eventually, after designing a trap that worked for me (i.e. one that both caught moths and made escape as unlikely as was humanly possible) I started running two traps, something that I've been doing now for about ten years or more as it definitely pulls in far more moths. I've probably built in excess of a dozen traps for personal use in total (plus a fair few extra's for other people too) but have now arrived at a design that I am more or less totally happy with ... these sorts of things ... 





Above: My favourite design ... currently still in use. 


... and some not so good experiments ..


It's quite good fun running a trap for the first time even if they can be a bit of a pain to build for the most part. I usually build them from bits and pieces that I scrounge off friends, as it can be surprisingly expensive buying all of the wood and perspex from new. The wood for the traps in the photograph was stuff left over from a bathroom refit ... the perspex came via Daisy, my mate and top birding companion. 

The habitat here (on the western edge of Ramsgate in Kent) is a bit sparse, being on the edge of a large housing Estate. The adjoining gardens form a circle of perhaps half an acre or more which contain a few exotic shrubs but also mint, plus a few other garden herbs, also Bramble, Privet, Lilac, Buddleia, Pear, Bird Cherry, a few Sycamores and a large Ash tree. There used to be a few Apple Trees, Plum and 'a' Gooseberry Bush, but they have long been pulled out and concreted over. The gardens here are fairly sheltered too which helps. Beyond the housing Estate there is lots of farm land with small coppices and hedgerows and to the south is the coast, which is about a quarter/half of a mile away. I get a fair few wandering species, even some scarce continental migrants on occasion ... we are about 25 miles from Calais as the crow flies.  

So, there you have it ... the worlds dullest ever Blog. All Blogs are self centred and blinkered as touched upon earlier, but can be fun to play around with if you're mentally deficient and have a bit of time to waste like me? There aren't too many around like me of course, which is just as well. 

Das Blogist, Ramsgate in Kent, 19th May 2014. 

Ciao dudes ... 

.......................................................................................................

And now by (un) popular request ...

Well ... a slight exaggeration perhaps? After I posted a couple of photos of my home made traps on this dull and boring Blog, I received an e-mail off a fellow moth nut, asking about the dimensions and moth retaining qualities of my bodged up traps? The poor fellow did indeed put a comment on the Blog itself but never being one to check my own Blog, this was overlooked ... so sorry TM, at least you did have my e-mail address, so no harm done. 

I have on occasion been asked face to face about making traps, so I thought it would be a good idea to post a few photos and comments about the pitfalls, of which there are many in my experience. Over the years I have made, designed and re-designed MANY moth traps and the type that I settled on were the best that I could come up with for my back garden ... they may well not be for anyone else's? The best moth traps are those rather expensive, circular, plastic Robinson designed traps ... they require only a slight modification to the inside of the funnel (namely a six inch long plastic tube fitted so as to make it harder for moths to escape) and hey presto you have about as perfect a moth trap as you'll ever get. They are light, totally waterproof, long lasting, being made out of plastic (my wooden one's rot and need rebuilding after a few years) and once again, unlike my home made jobbies, don't fall to bits! The pro's about designing your own traps are mainly that it's quite satisfying ... I always get a slight buzz running trap for the first time (or course I'm not very well in the head) it's also a bit of fun trying to solve various problems that arise whilst making ad hoc traps from bits and pieces of this and that of leftovers, or things scrounged from mates such as Dylan 'the gob' Wrathall, Daisy Sammels and Monsieur no-legs himself, my little micro mate Gadget.  


After all my pontificating about the wonders of the Robinson trap, for the area where I run my two garden traps, I actually think that a Skinner design is probably better than a Robinson? To try and explain this seeming contradiction in terms, when I first started running a trap in my garden back in 1999, I used to position 'one' Robinson type trap smack in the middle of my roughly rectangle 10 x 30 metre north facing back garden. In time I started to notice moths sitting on the back wall of my house (which is painted white) and all along the nearby wooden fence, so I started repositioning my traps nearer and nearer to the back wall of the house, until I realised that the best spot was hard up against the house wall. What in effect I ended up with was a slight sheet effect, the sort of tactic employed by moth trappers in which a horizontally hung white sheet is suspended next to a MV bulb - anyway after I tried this the catch rate was obviously improved. I then tried running two traps, the second about ten yards away from the north facing 'house' trap ... this one was sheltered behind a east facing white concrete shed wall, creating the same 'sheet effect' ... both white surfaces were lit up and I'm sure that it was drawing in even more moths. Ever since I've run this configuration of two 125 watt MV Skinner traps placed flat against these large white surfaces and I've not once ever doubted it's effectiveness. It also has the bonus effect of shining away from the back windows of the nearby neighbours houses (not that I had any complaints from them)  and with the next row of houses being 50 plus meters away, my conscious was eased somewhat - as was my paranoia, due to being able to check the traps whilst being very close to the back of my own house rather than wandering around in the middle of a suburban garden lit up like a Christmas tree. I have had a few visits from the police in the past, after being reported for wandering around 'suspiciously'  in the middle of the night, but only once since I've had the traps right up against the back wall of the house. 


A good moth trap should be good at attracting and 'trapping' visiting moths, keep the occupants inside them as much as is humanly possible, shouldn't have any sharp angled moth damaging corners (my main gripe with shop brought/designed Skinner traps, which is easily remedied with a slight modification to the otherwise excellent design)  and lastly ... NOT LEAK! All these problems have been mulled over in great detail by my good self and in the main have been overcome, never totally eradicated perhaps, but the numbers are stacked in my favour I'd say? My design does have issues, the main one being that they fall to bits, something that could be fixed 'if' I made them out of a sheet polythene type plastic instead of the plywood I've been using (I'm not too bothered ... when they go rotten I just build another one) and another being that they are not very portable, being rather heavy by comparison with the plastic Robinson traps - once again this isn't a real issue for me as my traps are never transported very far, in fact one never gets moved (well until it disintegrates and replaced) and the other only does a ten yard journey there and back once every night/day, when it gets placed next to the other one, covered over to keep the light out etc until it get emptied the following afternoon and re set up for another nights trapping.  


Right so that's the introduction 'intro' over and done with ... 


Step one ... the bits ... 




Above: the end section with 'rough' measurements ... well accurate measurements for the one's that I use. I will upload some better diagrams when I can get round to sorting it out. I've realised since writing the following that it's a bit random ... a few better diagrams world have sufficed. 


The above badly drawn diagram, written in rough about two years ago, which hangs on my bedroom wall (not a joke .. I'm nothing if not manic) shows the end section/dimensions ... I recommend sticking to this rough size as it can accommodate just about the right amount of egg boxes, whilst being large enough to cope with August/September sized catches as well as smaller spring and late autumn catches. In the past I have built [and thereafter used] enormous traps, which proved in time to be utterly ridiculous ... I also have a smaller/lower in height trap for use between October and April, which fell to bits and I never replaced, mostly out of laziness as I do like smaller traps for non summer mothing. They have the advantage of being easier to empty when you are only catching twenty or so moths (give or take) and I think that moths tend to go into lower traps a bit more easily as there is less room around the trap? Ideally, to my way of thinking anyway, the best way of running a moth trap would be to have the bulb flush with the floor at ground level as it would eradicate as much as is possible, moths bumbling around and then settling on the ground outside of the trap, as some species often do (i.e. Leopard Moths never get into the trap etc) ... that said, even I wouldn't go to the lengths of digging holes in the garden to bury a moth trap! Or would I ... Hmmm? You do also need to think about the size of the trap, as during annoying mass arrivals of unsettling nut-case species such as Dark Arches and those dreaded Large Yellow Underwings which go so bonkers when trapped, it's best to have a bit of room in the form of layers of egg boxes, where already settled moths can hide away. The disturbance caused by a few manic Large Yellow Underwings can upset the entire trap if you're not careful and when there are 100+ of them as can happen, it's best to add this into the equation. Many a good moth has escaped no doubt, due to those madcap Large Yellow Underwings whizzing round the inside of the traps.

By the way, if you're confused as to the the red shaded area at the edge of the trap in the above diagram, then perhaps it's easier to make sense of by looking at this photo ...


... the two red shaded areas (see diagram) are some thin wood, just about thick enough to hold some screws in (10 - 15ml) which are fixed to each end plate on the 'outside' end and 'before' the trap sides are fitted. If these bits of wood are fitted prior to fixing, they can be cut to the exact size and angle of the end of the trap which helps later on when the perspex is fitted, it being one smooth cut with no humps/bumps which can cause gaps, potentially letting in water or letting out a few micro species. Any gaps need to be eradicated, for obvious reasons. It also allows a clean hollow box inside with no supports, so just fix the structural bits at the outset (with screws from the inside of the trap) and bob's your uncle.

The above trap isn't of the size that I actually use, I made this one for a friend. The dimensions of the one I am about to describe is a tad more square, not rectangle as this one is. To be honest this was a failed experiment even though it works perfectly well. It also lacks the cut out (see diagram) to allow easier moth access from the middle of each end.

The sides of the trap measures at least 18/19 inches so as to accommodate one and a half lengths of 4 x 4 [i.e. 16 egg] boxes ... more of that later. Once the ends are cut out, fix on the sides making sure that they are properly square ... well as much as is possible. The more square they are initially, the easier it will be to measure and fix bits later on.

'Bits' you'll need that come to mind will be ...

A large sheet of Plywood = c5mm, though I have used slightly thinner and some as thick as about 10ml. 

4 'bits' of thin wood c. 2 inch by about half an inch for the end fitting 'bits' i.e. red shaded areas on diagram. 

4  long thin 'bits' of wood for the floor frame and water outlet . They are structural so need to be both straight and fairly strong. 

Some decent plexi glass/perspex between 3 and 5mm thick. 

Some thin metal gauze (or equivalent) to allow water to run away. I'm unsure where to purchase this ... my mate (Bead's) sent me over a 'bunch' of it from Canada ... enough for twenty traps. They use it in hot countries to allow airflow through open doors and windows without having your house overrun with insects. 

Some thin plastic 'bits' for runners (explanation to follow) 'gap plugging' and the funnel, which can also be made from two excess lengths of perspex if you so choose? 

18  million screws of various lengths and thickness's plus some paint/varnish to finish/waterproof/weatherproof the finished wooden mothy thing from the elements. Also some electrics (a choke) a bulb holder and a Pyrex bowl. Oh yes ... a tube of bathroom sealant ... an essential item for filling in those annoying gaps. 

Das floor

Next cut four lengths of long thin wood and fix to the bottom edge of the end of the trap ... place two along the bottom edge of each side and fix into position, then fix two pieces in the middle onto which you can place some metal gauze which allows water to run out. You can then fit the flat floor panels, as I have already done in the photo below. Once fixed, seal any gapes with bathroom sealant and the 'box' part will be complete.

From below it should look something like this ... though perhaps a bit tidier than the one in the following photo ...


Above: showing the four 'long thin bits' of wood in position from below after the flat floor has been fixed inside the trap. 

It is a very simple thing to construct as long as you can measure and cut fairly accurately. These days I actually use a hand saw ... I used to use an electric jigsaw, but prefer the non-electric 17th century approach these days ...

Coming soon ... THE NEXT BIT!! Exciting eh? No?? Oh well??

... lets start off with another photo ...



The above two photos show what you'll be aiming to achieve, plus a chefy deconstruction (below) showing the pull off 'bits' ... those perspex side panels come away too ... I forgot to remove them for the photo. The reason for using those perspex side panels is to both allow the use of a larger box, whilst allowing a narrower slot for the funnel. This also eradicates the biggest floor that I've yet found in the usual, more simple Skinner type design, which have a very narrow angle inside the trap along the side into which many moths damage themselves. Many years ago we were using a Skinner trap in the woods at East Blean on a remarkable night where many thousands of mainly Green Oak Tortrixes were on the wing ... I've never seen anything like it. Anyway, many of the moths were crammed into the angled gap and mutilating themselves, so on getting home I had a rethink and came up with this design. It takes far longer to build than the usual single perspex design but is well worth it. It's also a nicer place into which to arrange the egg boxes as the extra space you have created allows a stack of egg boxes reaching up as high as you want them to, you can't do this with a normal type Skinner trap which are too narrow the higher you go.


... and here's how the side bits fit on ... I use two angled 'bits' of plastic or wood which should fit so that there is no gap, hence the angled cut. The ends should overhang the edge of the trap to prevent water getting in.

The Innards ... the guts ... the unseen 'bits' ... 

Ah ... what fun you'll have if you try my own little tried and tested mothy recipe. It's all just common sense of course ...



Above: the 'guts' ... the funnel and the plastic runners on which the main perspex sits and channel water towards the gauze 'bit' ...

The next step is to fit the funnel (or whatever the terminology for such a thing is??) a part of which is used as a stopper which forms the gap into which the moth falls. Find your own solution for this ... there are many, two of which are illustrated above. In the top photo I used a 1 inch solid piece of plastic cut from a 'bit' of excess soffet/fascia board ... useful stuff for moth trap building. On the lower trap I used a 1 inch square of  Perspex to act as a spacer ... note that it must jut up above the funnel itself, as it also doubles up as a stopper against which the large pieces of perspex slide up to once the trap is assembled and ready to use.

Now we come to a big question ... or three ... or four ...

How big should the gap be between:

A: The two pieces of perspex/plastic forming the gap?

B: The bottom of the funnel and the floor of the moth trap?

C: Should the two pieces of perspex/plastic forming the gap and funnel allow light to pass through them?

D: There is no question D ... I just used it for dramatic effect ... did it work? Yeah ... I thought it would?

To which 'my' answers would be ... to A: 1 inch ... the smaller the gap the better for retention and the larger the better for the moths to fall in ... 1 inch would seem (after much experimentation I might add) to be the correct compromise? I catch large things such as Privet Hawks, plus large and bulky female Poplar Hawks, whilst large Geometrids and wide things like Old Ladies (the moth not the Octogenarian human of the female persuasion) fall in very easily ... the large Hawk Moths fall in eventually, some times after after getting stuck in limbo for 30 seconds, I've watched lots of them, T-boned above the slot and they never escape due to the well proven scientific theory of gravity (so NOT a theory then you idiotic berk Milton) once in they are in ... or when almost in they are eventually in ... if that makes any sense? I am trying not to make this not too Monty Python ... honest.

My answer to B would be ... er dunno?? About one and a half inch ... a maximum of two, though I go for the former myself.

My answer to question C is similarly vague, as I'm not too sure? I have used both clear perspex and a painted plastic which allows no light in and haven't honestly noticed any difference?? I like the 'idea' of the only visible light coming from the bulb above the moth once in the trap which makes them fly upwards away from the slot they've just fallen into but whether or not this works in practise is open to ... er ... wotsisname?? It's probably quite random anyway with a bumbling moth ... time and circumstance = a bird in a bush??

My answer to D would be the writer is an utterly irritating idiotic moron, having a very poor attempt at appalling, childish humour.

You may well be wondering what on earth the 'runners' are? I use them to channel any rain water down towards the gauze slot in the bottom of the trap ... they also fill in any inevitable small gaps between the perspex and the inside of the trap. Fit them so that the main bit of perspex sits flat on top of the runners ... then just run a pencil line along the top of the perspex to show the exact angle, allow for the perspex width and fix. Don't use anything too thick for the runners, as moths will hide underneath them ... also, fill in any gaps with bathroom sealant after angling the edge so no water runs into the trap. There is nothing worse that soggy egg-boxes ... well a few things perhaps? Liverpool FC agonisingly losing the league at the last moment this year springs to mind as one 'worse' thing?

Gaps, dreaded gaps!!

Gaps MUST be eradicated ... it's against all moth trap rules to have gaps. Once all the wood and perspex are cut to size there may well be a few gaps ... when you use thicker perspex almost inevitably you'll get a gap here ...


Above: a stunning photo of ... a gap! Aghh ... a ghastly thing ... take it away - take it away!! 

This has just reminded me ... I forgot to mention the piece of whatever (a thin cut length of plastic soffet/fascia board in this instance) that runs along the outside edge of the main piece of perspex to both stiffen the whole things up (useful in windy conditions) and fill in any small gaps, but note this will eventually be cut off flush to the end of the smaller end flap piece of perspex underneath it (top left as viewed in the photo) when I took this photo I hadn't as yet cut it. It's not a flat cut, but needs to be shaped and angled so as to fit the shallow angle created at the rear of the perspex ... I just clamp it to a black and decker workmate and gradually wear it into shape with a large file.

It also comes in useful for fitting/affixing this bit ... the legendary 'plastic gap filler' ...


Above: another photo ... yawn ..


... and the boring 'bit' in position. Take it from me it works.

Once the above is fixed (note: once again made from another bit of fascia board, one of the worlds most versatile materials ... I could make an F1 car from two lengths of fascia board, a roll of Duct tape, two tubes of super glue and a packet of Blu Tack)

Anyway ... as you might note, if you can get this 'bit' to fit snugly it does help to hold everything in position ... useful once again in strong winds, world wars, earthquakes etc. I then cut the excess bit off flush along the line of the rear facing bit of perspex and it's finished ... well almost.

next we come to ...

The Bulb Holder ... er crossbeam member .. er um ... flap thingamy widget?? 

It takes a fair 'while' to build this bit ... you'll need a 'bit' of thin but strong wood, as long as the trap is wide (say 17 or 18 inches long and 1 inch by half an inch in width?) plus some more perspex ... oh yes, a bulb holder (ceramic preferably, brass will suffice) which need to be cut to shape so you can balance a Pyrex bowl to cover the hot bulb in case of rain. I have two solutions ... "ve haff vays of keeping das rain off unt hot bulb" ...


 Above: The four and two vane crossbeam thingamy's ...

They both work equally well it would appear? The vanes acts as crash barriers ... a moth will hit them and fall down into the trap, well most do. In the left hand version I've cut two pieces of wood and screwed them into position through the main crossbeam. They are not actually opposing (you can't do this as the first one is in the way of the other) but are each set just off centre, to allow the rear screw access. I cut the perspex into shape with a sharp wood handsaw or a hacksaw. Note in the left hand version the Pyrex bowl fits into the angles cut into the perspex so as to hold onto it so tightly that it cant fall out ... a fiddly job but worth the effort of doing it. The other solution (the one on the right in the above photo)  was made by using two W shaped pieces of perspex, then a piece of wire (or string) is required to stop the bowl falling out and breaking. It needs to be fixed in some way to stop any rain getting in whilst not in use, as it would be when running at night. You can have a removable Pyrex bowl, but sooner or later you'll break one, or it'll fall out and rain will leak into your bulb holder behind the exposed bulb.

To hold the crossbeams in position, I usually just fix two thin pieces of white plastic (cut from the superb, all encompassing, Fascia board plastic yet again)  like so ...


I've as yet never had any problems using this method even though it does look a bit cack!

Egg Boxes

Egg box arrangement is more important than you might think ... I shudder at some of the traps I've seen on TV with Egg boxes strewn here and there with absolutely no thought attached to the type of structure you're trying to build for the moths to settle into. Moths like cracks and gaps to crawl into, often out of the light (which I find odd?) though not always and this is best achieved by stacking them like so ...


You'll notice the boxes are 16 egg cartons split into either eights or fours and layered in opposite file so they stand up better. I get all my egg boxes delivered to my door by 'my boy' or F.N. Solly to you or anyone else. He acquires them (third hand I think?) from those horrible greasy Joe mobile roadside artery clogging boutiques of convenience so prevalent in this vile world ... they were all colourful when he first delivered them, blue and purple ... they went grey (like we all do) over time. It's such a shame you know, as a moth trap with some brand spanking new egg boxes is a beautiful thing to behold ... I'm in need of some new one's (and some therapy?) as my last vast stack of a supply has unfortunately run out ... SOLLY!! 'ELP ME SOLLY ... get me some new egg boxes Solly!!

Once you've got one of these ... sort out some electrics, plug it in and you're up and running.



So there you have it ... everything you (mainly) didn't want to know about building a moth trap. 

Friday, 11 April 2014

Next ...

My garden moth photos 'and' extra added info at no further cost ... 

Hepialidae - Swift Moths

0014 Hepialus humuli humuli - Ghost Moth


Female.


Male

Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Open grassy or weedy places. The larval food plants are the roots of various grasses and Common Nettle, Docks, Burdocks and Wild Strawberry.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from June till early August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Seven records here, three of which were in 2008.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 3.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.     2014 = 0.     2015 = 0.

Earliest date: 17th June 2008.

Latest date: 16th July 2010.

Peak count: Singles only.


0015 Hepialus sylvina - Orange Swift



Female. 


Male
Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Rough grassy places, gardens, roadside verges, open woodland etc. The larvae feeds on the roots of many herbaceous plants including Broad-leaved Dock, Dandelions, Bracken and probably grasses too.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded flying from late July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: A common species often occurring in double figure numbers.

Earliest date: 25th July 2009.

Latest date: 27th September 2011.

Peak count: 31 moths, on 20th August 2000.


0017 Hepialus lupulinus - Common Swift



Male. 


Female

Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Open grassland where the larval stage feeds on the roots of grasses and many herbaceous plants.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Catches often exceed double figures here.

Earliest date: 23rd April 2014.

Latest date: 7th July in 2007 and 2013.

Peak count: 28 moths in 2010, 2012 and 2013.


Cossidae - Leopard Moths


0161 Zeuzera pyrina - Leopard Moth



Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth of open woodland and scrub that also occurs in gardens and parks etc. The larval food plants are many woody plants including Willow, Blackthorn, Plum, Cherry, Hawthorn, Apple, Pear, Privet, Ash, Elm, Oaks, Beech, Wayfaring-tree, Honeysuckle and Lilac.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late June till early August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 1.    2004 = 2.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 4.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 26th June 2008.

Latest date: 10th August 2007.

Peak count: Singles only.


Lasiocampidae - Eggar moths


1631 Poecilocampa populi - December Moth



Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Most numerous in woodland but also occurs in smaller numbers around rough ground, gardens etc. The larval food plants are many broadleaved trees including Oak, Birch, Elm, Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Poplar and Sallows.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from late October till early January.

1999 - 2015 garden records: 11 records.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 2.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 2.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.     2015 =

Earliest date: 24th November 2001.

Latest date: 1st January 2011.

Peak count: singles only.


1634 Malacosoma neustria - Lackey



Status: Once fairly common but since showing signs of decline, in fact in 2015 I took none at all.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth of open areas such as woodland, gardens, parks, hedgerows etc. The larval food plants are many varieties of broadleaved tree and shrub including Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Cherry, Plum, Apple, Oak, Willow etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: As a child the many apple trees around the adjacent gardens would be festooned with Lacky caterpillars. The fruit trees have long since been removed, many years prior to me running my moth trap anyway, to be replaced with sterile, featureless lawns with plastic garden furniture. Although initially during my early years of moth hunting the adult moths were still fairly common, numbers have nosedived dramatically since and even though they are still recorded annually here, they occur in ever decreasing numbers.

The annual head counts have been:

1999 = ?.    2000 = 30+.    2001 = 15+.    2002 = 10.    2003 = 20+.    2004 = 20+.    2005 = 30+.    2006 = ?.    2007 = 30+.    2008 = 11.    2009 = 13.

2010 = 11.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 3.    2013 = 8.    2014 = 10.    2015 = 0.

Earliest date: 23rd June 2014.

Latest date: 14th August 2000.

Peak count: 6 moths, one night in 2005.


1635 Malacosoma castrensis - Ground Lackey

Status: rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Salt marshes and coastal shingle where the larvae feed on a variety of salt marsh plants such as Sea Plantain, Sea Lavender, Sea Wormwood, Sea-purslane, Grass-leaved Orache and Golden Samphire.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, on 3rd August 2005.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1637 Lasiocampa quercus - Oak Eggar



Male. 


Female

Status: Annual in very small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: A moths that occurs pretty much anywhere on lowland habitat, including Heaths, Moorland, Woodland, coastal dune etc. The larval food plants include Heather, Bilberry, Bramble, Blackthorn, Hawthorn, Sallow, Hazel, Sea Buckthorn, Garden Privet and Ivy.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: 90% of the records are female moth, males are always notable here. I have on occasion seen day flying males around the gardens though they are rarely seen in the traps.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 3.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 3.    2002 = 3.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 5.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 3.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 2.    2012 = 5.    2013 = 2.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 5th July 2001.

Latest date: 9th August 2012.

Peak count: 2 females at light on 24th July 2004. I also once saw two males attracted to the same area my privet hedge, so no doubt a female was lurking.


1640 Euthrix potatoria - Drinker



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Damp grassland and marsh. The larval food plants are various course grasses and reeds.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, on 24th July 2010.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


Drepanidae - Hook-tips


1646 Watsonalla binaria - Oak Hook-tip



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Mainly oak woodland but also parks, scrub land, gardens etc. The larval food plants are various Oaks plus on occasion Silver Birch.

Broods/flight period: Two generations, flying in May and June then late July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Four records here, taken on 2/08/2005, 9/09/2006, 7/06/2010 and 16/08/2013.

Earliest date: 7th June 2010.

Latest date: 9th September 2006.

Peak count: Singles only.


1648 Drepana falcataria falcataria - Pebble Hook-tip



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland and other areas with Birch scrub. The larval food plants are Birch and Alder.

Broods/flight period: Two generations, flying in April till June then late July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Five records, taken on 30/07/02, 14/08/02, 7/08/10, 29/05/11 and 14/08/13.

Earliest date: 29th May 2011.

Latest date: 14th August in both 2002 and 2013.

Peak count: Singles only.


1651 Cilix glaucata - Chinese Character



Status: Irregular.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, scrub and open woodland. The larval food plants include Bramble, Blackthorn, Hawthorn, Crab Apple, Rowan and Pear.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying from April till June and July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: During the early days of trapping here they were fairly scarce. Numbers increased hand over fist during the middle 2000's but even then overall numbers vary substantially here.

Earliest date: 15th April 2011.

Latest date: 11th September in both 2010 and 2012.

Peak count: A maximum of up to two moths taken on c.half a dozen occasions.


Thyatiridae

1652 Thyatira batis - Peach Blossom



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Light woodland and scrub. The larval food plant is Bramble.

Broods/flight period: Usually single brooded, flying from late May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Four records, all single moths on 8th July 2003, 18th June 2006, 26th June 2008 and 17th June 2009.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1653 Habrosyne pyritoides - Buff Arches



Status: Regular in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Open woodland and scrubby areas where Bramble grows. The larval food plants are Bramble, Dewberry ... possibly also Raspberry?

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from June till early August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Numbers have been resaonably stable here throughout.

Earliest date: 11th June 2003.

Latest date: 6th August 2002.

Peak count: 8 Moths, taken on 9th July 2003.


1654 Tethea ocularis - Figure of Eighty




Above: The dark, sooty form and the more usual greyer version

Status: Caught in small numbers 'almost' annually.

Habitat/Food plant: A wide variety of habitats are used ... the larvae feed on Aspen and other Poplars.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded flying from late May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Never numerous and is always a nice moth to see settled amongst the egg boxes.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 4.    2002 = 5.    2003 = 9.    2004 = c.12.    2005 = 4.    2006 = 6.    2007 = 5.    2008 = 2.    2009 = 4.

2010 = 6.    2011 = 2.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 3.    2014 = 6.    2015 = 0.

Earliest date: 17th May 2014.

Latest date: 16th July 2002.

Peak count: 3 moths, on 7th June 2004.


1655 Tethea or or - Poplar Lutestring

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Mainly broadleaved woodland. The larval food plant is mainly Aspen though it will take other Poplar on occasion.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from late May till early August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Just one record here, taken on 21st May 2002.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1656 Tetheela fluctuosa - Satin Lutestring




Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth of mature broadleaved woodland. The larval food plant is mainly Birch.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from June till early August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, taken on 25th July 2012.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1657 Ochrapacha duplaris - Common Lutestring



Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Light woodland and scrub. The larval food plant is mainly Birch but has been reported on Alder, Hazel and Oaks.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from mid June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Fifteen records here.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 3.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 1.    2004 = 2.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 1.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 8th June 2003.

Latest date: 21th July 2001.

Peak count: Singles only.


1658 Cymatophorima diluta - Oak Lutestring



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth mainly of long established broadleaved woodland. The larval food plant is Oak.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from late August till early October.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records here, on 7th October 2006 and 20th October 2008.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.





Thursday, 10 April 2014

Geometridae

Alsophilinae

1663 Alosphila aescularia - March Moth



Status: Er ... mostly annual ... well sort of???

Habitat/Food plant: Open woodland, parkland etc. The larval food plants include Oak, Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Crab Apple, Willow, Field Maple, Birch etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from February till April.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Up and down here.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 6.    2002 = 7.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 3.    2005 = 3.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 3.    2011 = 2.    2012 = 3.    2013 = 1.    2014 = 3.   2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 27th January 2007.

Latest date: 15th April 2002.

Peak count: 2 on 26th March 2004.


Geometrinae (Emeralds)



1664 Aplasta ononaria - Rest Harrow



Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: As a non immigrant the only two places that this species occurs in the UK is at Folkestone Warren and the coastal sand dunes between Deal and Sandwich. The larval food plant is Restharrow, both common and spiny.

Broods/flight period: In the UK the main generation is on the wing in June and July with a partial second brood flying in August. Migrants occur from mid July till early October apparently.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Seventeen records here, all but one during the month of August.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 2.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 3.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 4.

Earliest date: 1st July 2015.

Latest date: 31st August 2002.

Peak count: Singles only.


1666 Geometra papilionaria Large Emerald



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, scrubby heathland etc. The larval food plants are Birch, Alder and Hazel.

Broods/flight period: One generation, flying from June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, taken on 13th July 2015.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1667 Comibaena bajularia - Blotched Emerald



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Long established broadleaved woodland. The larval food plant is Oak.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in late June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records, single moths on 17th June 2004 and 3rd July 2013.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1669 Hemithea aestivaria - Common Emerald



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: woodland, hedgerows scrub etc. The larval food plants include Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Hazel, Oaks, Birch etc.

Broods/flight period: The books say these are single brooded, on the wing in June and July but I have taken these as late as September, so perhaps a very occasional second generation occurs?

1999 - 2015 garden records: Common enough but never numerous.

Earliest date: 16th June 2003.

Latest date: Occasional August records have occurred as late as 19th August 2013. I did once catch one on 7th September 2010, a second brood moth or a migrant perhaps?

Peak count: 8 moths, one night in 2005.


1673 Hemistola chrysoprasaria - Small Emerald





The usual type (above) plus a strange reddish form below.

Status: Annual in very small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Most situations where the larval food plant, Traveller's-joy or Clematis occurs.

Broods/flight period: Mostly single brooded flying from June till August, though a small second generation flying into September shows up every now and then.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual total counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 2.    2001 = 3.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 1.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 3.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 3.    2009 = 6.

2010 = 4.    2011 = 4.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 10+.    2014 = 7.    2015 = 5.

Earliest date: 10th June 2000.

Latest date: First generation moths till 13th August (in 2001) but I have taken second generation moths as late as 5th September in 2013.

Peak count: I've only ever taken more that one moth in a night on two occasions so 4 moths taken one night in July 2013 was exceptional for here.


Sterrhinae (Mochas and Waves)


1680 Cyclophora punctaria - Maiden's Blush



Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth of Oak woodland. The larval food plants are various types of Oak.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying from May till July then late July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 1.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 2.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 3.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 10.    2007 = 6.    2008 = 7.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 5.    2011 = 4.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 1.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 7th May 2011.

Latest date: 17th September 2006.

Peak count: 3 moths, one night in 2008.


1681 Cyclophora linearia - Clay Triple-lines

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Beech woodland, parks and hedgerows. The larval food plant is Beech.

Broods/flight period: Mostly single brooded on the wing from late May till July but there is a partial genration some years, flying from mid August till October.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, on 1st July 1999.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1682 Timandra comae - Blood-vein



Status: Annual though in decline.

Habitat/Food plant: Wide ranging, though they do prefer damp areas. The larval food plants are Docks, Common Orache, Common Sorrel, Knot-grass etc.

Broods/flight period: Two, sometimes three generations, flying from May till early July, July till September and sometimes mid September till November.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = ?.    2000 = 2.    2001 = 15+.    2002 = 4.    2003 = 30.    2004 = 30.    2005 = 10.    2006 = 20.    2007 = 6.    2008 = 4.    2009 = 7.

2010 = 10.    2011 = 7.    2012 = 3.    2013 = 3.    2014 = 5.    2015 = 2.

Earliest date: 11th May 2011.

Latest date: 15th September 2006 and 2011.

Peak count: 4 moths, in 2003, 2004 and 2006.


1687 Scopula ornata - Lace Border

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Calcareous grassland. The larval foodplants are Thyme, wild marjoram and proably other herbs.

Broods/flight period: Two generations, flying in May and June then again from mid July till early September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, on June 26th 2001.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1689 Scopula marginepunctata - Mullein Wave



Status: Annual, though in decline.

Habitat/Food plant: Coastal grasslands and salt marsh. The larval food plants include Wild Marjoram, Wood Sage, Horseshoe Vetch, Yarrow, Mugwort and Stonecrops.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in June and July then August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 12.    2000 = 6.    2001 = 15.    2002 = ?    2003 = 30.    2004 = 20.    2005 = 20.    2006 = 20.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 10.    2009 = 10.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 2.    2012 = 2.    2013 = 4.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 15th May 2007.

Latest date: 24th September 2009.

Peak count: 4 moths, on 22nd August 2003.


1690 Scopula imitaria - Small Blood-vein



Status: Common, though showing slight signs of decline.

Habitat/Food plant: Wide ranging, using woodland, gardens, scrub, coastal sites etc. The larval food plants include Garden Privet and Honeysuckle.

Broods/flight period: Usually one, sometimes two broods, on the wing in July and August then September and October.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 13th June 2011.

Latest date: 8th October 2003.

Peak count: Six moths, in 2003 and 2010.


1691 Scopula emutaria - Rosy Wave



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: The larval food plant remains unknown ... the habitat used by the adult moth includes the saltings along the coast between Sussex and Lincolnshire.

Broods/flight period: One generation, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records, on 19th June 2005 and 4th July 2009.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1692 Scopula immutata - Lesser Cream Wave



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Damp grassland and marshland. Tyhe larval foodplants are are Meadowsweet and Common Valerian.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records, on 18th July 2003 and 24th August 2010.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1696 Idaea ochrata - Bright Wave



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth with a UK population that is restricted to the coastal sand dunes and shingle between Kingsdown and Pegwell Bay. The larval food plants include Hare's Foot Clover, Smooth tare as well as other species including vetches, Lesser Stitchwort and daisies.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from mid June till early August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Recorded six times here, presumably wanders from Pegwell/Sandwich but migrants cannot be ruled out. The dates were: 8/07/2002, 6/07/2006, 8/07/2006, 18/06/2007, 15/07/2007 and 30/06/2010.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 0.

Earliest date: 18th June 2007.

Latest date: 15th July 2007.

Peak count: singles only.


1699 Idaea rusticata - Least Carpet



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens, verges hedgerows etc. The larval food plants include the dead and withered leaves of various plants such as Ivy, Traveller's-joy etc.

Broods/flight period: Mostly single brooded, flying from June till August but there can be a second brood flying from mid September into October.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Often recorded in very large numbers, with 20's and 30's not uncommon, occasionally the catches can be as large as 50 or more.

Earliest date: 10th June 2004.

Latest date: 3rd October 2006.

Peak count: 61 moths, in 2002 and 2004.


1702 Idaea biselata - Small Fan-footed Wave



Status: annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, hedgerows, mature gardens etc. The larval food plants are relatively unknown.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late June till early August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = ?    2000 = ?    2001 = 8.    2002 = 4.    2003 = 17.    2004 = 7.    2005 = 9.    2006 = 15.    2007 = 20.    2008 = 20+.    2009 = 15.

2010 = 12.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 10.    2013 = 8.    2014 = 10.    2015 = 9.

Earliest date: 7th June 2004.

Latest date: 25th August 2008.

Peak count: 3 moths on a few occasions.


1705 Idaea fuscovenosa - Dwarf Cream Wave



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, scrubby areas, woodland edges etc. The larval food plants are not fully known.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 5.    2002 = 4.    2003 = 8.    2004 = 8.    2005 = 5.    2006 = 7.    2007 = 17.    2008 = 4.    2009 = 5.

2010 = 20+.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 8.    2013 = 4.    2014 = 3.    2015 = 4.

Earliest date: 15th June 2004.

Latest date: 17th August 2007.

Peak count: 4 moths, one night in 2010.


1707 Idaea seriata - Small Dusty Wave



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens, hedgerows and rough ground. The larval food plants are the withered leaves and general plant debris.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing from May till July then August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 5th May 2003.

Latest date: 2nd October 2003.

Peak count: 43 moths on 10th September 2006.


1708 Idaea dimidiata - Single-dotted Wave



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, hedgerows, gardens, marshes etc. The larval food plants include the flowers of Cow Parsley, Burnet-saxifrage and Hedge Bedstraw.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Regular enough but always in small numbers.

Earliest date: 16th June 2004.

Latest date: 15th September 2007.

Peak count: 8 moths, in 2001 and 2004.


1709 Idaea subsericeata - Satin Wave



Status: Notable/scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, scrub, hedgerows, rough ground etc. The larval food plants are not known.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying in June and July then again in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 1.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 2.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 4.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 0.

Earliest date: 7th June 2004.

Latest date: 10th September 2010.

Peak count: Singles only.


1711 Idaea trigeminata - Treble Brown Spot



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, scrub, gardens, hedgerows, chalk downland. The larval food plants are not yet properly understood, though they have been found feeding on the the withered leaves of Ivy ... possibly Birch and Field Maple too?

Broods/flight period: Single brooded in the main, flying from late May till July. Apparently there is a smaller second generation on the wing from late July till September from time to time, but I've never even known it to occur where I've been running any traps over the years?

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 31st May 2014.

Latest date: 25th July 2013.

Peak count: Up to three moths on a few occasions.


1712 Idaea emarginata - Small Scallop



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Damp woodland, grassland, rough ground. The larval food plants are Bedstraws and occasionally on Field Bindweed.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from mid June till late August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Recorded on eight occasions, on 10/08/2000, 10/08/2001, 9/08/2005, 24/07/2007, 2/08/2009, 27/07/2010, 19/08/2012 and 31/07/2014.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 1.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 0.

Earliest date: 24th July 2007.

Latest date: 19th August 2012.

Peak count: Singles only.


1713 Idaea aversata - Riband Wave





Above: a few variants of this species.

Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Most habitats are used. The larval food plants include Bedstraws, Wood Avens, Primrose, Dandelion and Docks.

Broods/flight period: Usually single brooded, on the wing from June till August but they occasionally have  a partial second generation flying in September and October.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 8th June 2015.

Latest date: First generation till 19th September 2006 and [presumed?] second generation moths on 16th October 2011 and 20th October 2015.

Peak count: 47 moths, one night in 2007.


1716 Rhodometra sacraria - Vestal




The two usual colour variations ...


... and a rather odd looking two-tone individual.

Status: Scarce migrant.

Habitat/Food plant: Open sunny areas, usually coastal being a migrant species. The larval stage has been found on Knotgrass.

Broods/flight period: Breeds continually in southern Europe and North Africa but only single brooded in the UK on the rare occasions that they ever breed here.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 1.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 22.

Earliest date: 16th July 2007.

Latest date: 10th November 2015.

Peak count: 5 on 1st September 2015.


Larentiinae (Carpets, Pugs and allies)


1718 Phibalapteryx virgata - Oblique Striped



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Coastal sand dunes. The larval foodplant is Lady's Bedstraw.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying in May and June then August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, on 16th May 2009.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1720 Orthonama obstipata - Gem



Male


Female

Status: Scarce migrant.

Habitat/Food plant: Warm sunny places. The larval food plants in the UK are not properly understood.

Broods/flight period: Immigrants arrive from April till November. They are continuously brooded in Southern Europe and North Africa.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 2.    2001 = 4.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 8.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 2.    2014 = 6.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 4th July 2000.

Latest date: 31st October 2002.

Peak count: Singles only.


1722 Xanthorhoe designata - Flame Carpet



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: The habitats used are wide ranging, occurring in upland and lowland grasslands, woodland, hedgerows etc. The larval food plants remain unknown.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying in May and June and then again in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Four records here, on 6/08/2001, 4/07/2006, 5/08,2009 and 9/05/2011.

Earliest date: 9th May 2011.

Latest date: 6th August 2001.

Peak count: Singles only.


1724 Xanthorhoe spadicearia - Red Twin-spot Carpet



Status: Though never a common moth, has declined here where it now rather scarce/notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, hedgerows, downland, fenland, coastal scrub etc. The larval food plants are wide ranging but are documented as 'especially' Bedstraws, Ground Ivy and Wild Carrot.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing from April till June then again in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 5.    2002 = 5.    2003 = 6.    2004 = 2.    2005 = 6.    2006 = 3.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 7.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 2.    2014 = 3.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 4th May 2005.

Latest date: 22nd August 2003.

Peak count: 2 moths in 2002, 2005 and 2009.


1725 Xanthorhoe ferrugata - Dark-barred Twin-spot Carpet



Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, hedgerows, downland, fenland, coastal scrub etc. The larval food plants include Bedstraws, Ground Ivy and Docks.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May and June then again in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 3.    2004 = 3.    2005 = 3.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 2.    2009 = 3.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 3.    2015 = 0.

Earliest date: 15th May 2005.

Latest date: 8th September 2008.

Peak count: Singles only.


1727 Xanthorhoe montanata montanata - Silver-ground Carpet



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Damp hedgerows, woodland rides and scrub. The lrval foodplants include Cleavers, Hedge Bedstraw, Primrose etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from mid June till late July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Taken on six occasions here, on 18/06/2001, 11/06/2006, 18/06/2006, 6/06/2010 and 2/08/2013.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1728 Xanthorhoe fluctuata fluctuata - Garden Carpet



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens, allotments, rough ground in urban areas, woodland and open coastal situations. The larval food plants are various members of the Cabbage family including Garlic Mustard, Shepherd's Purse, wild Horse Radish, Hairy Bitter-cress, Yellow Alyssum, White Alyssum and cultivated Brassicas.

Broods/flight period: Two/three overlapping generations flying from April till October.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 12th April 2009.

Latest date: 1st November 2014.

Peak count: 9 moths, one night in 2007.


1732 Scotopteryx chenopodiata - Shaded Broad-bar



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Open grassy places where the larval food plants of Vetches and Clovers grow.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = ?    2000 = ?    2001 = 9.    2002 = 8.    2003 = 15.    2004 = 7.    2005 = 9.    2006 = c20.    2007 = 9.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 5.

2010 = 3.    2011 = 2.    2012 = 2.    2013 = 11.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 2.

Earliest date: 22nd June 2006.

Latest date: 21st August 2000. I did also take a very late specimen, I thought at the time, seeing how fresh it was, to presumably be a second generation moth ... it showed up on 8th September 2009.

Peak count: 4 moths on 18th July 2003.


1735 Catarhoe rubidata - Ruddy Carpet



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, banks, field margins,scrubby places and sea cliffs. The larvae feed on Hedge Bedstraw and Lady's Bedstraw.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Twelve records here.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 3.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 0.

Earliest date: 13th June 2009.

Latest date: 10th July 2003.

Peak count: Singles only.


1738 Epirrhoe alternata alternata - Common Carpet



Status: Regular.

Habitat/Food plant: They occur pretty much anywhere, marshes, gardens, parks, grasslands, sand dunes etc. The larval food plants are Cleavers, Hedge Bedstraw, Lady's Bedstraw and other Bedstraws.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May and June and then again from July till September.

1999 - 2013 garden records: Showing obvious signs of decline here as the years wore on.

Earliest date: 26th April 2008.

Latest date: 2nd October 2000.

Peak count: 10 moths, one night in 2006 ... this would almost match many of the entire years catch in most of the latter years.


1739 Epirrhoe rivata - Wood Carpet

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, old hedgerows etc. The larval food plants are Hedge Bedstraw and Lady's Bedstraw.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from mid June till eraly August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records here, on 8th July 2003 and 2nd July 2006.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1740 Epirrhoe galiata - Galium Carpet

Status:

Habitat/Food plant:

Broods/flight period:

1999 - 2015 garden records: Five records, all as singles on 1/08/2004, 14/08/2004, 6/07/2006, 10/07/2006 and 27/08/2008.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1742 Camptogramma bilineata bilineata - Yellow Shell



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Most lowland situations are used. The larval food plants are Cleavers, Bedstraws, Wormwood, Docks, Sorrel, Dandelion etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from June till August.

1999 - 2013 garden records: Stable throughout.

Earliest date: 2nd June 2007.

Latest date: 20th September 2010.

Peak count: 13 moths, one night in 2013.


1745 Larentia clavaria - Mallow



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Rough weedy places, marshland, roadside verges etc. The larval food plants are varios Mallows including Hollyhock.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late September till early November.

1999 - 2013 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 12.    2000 = 7.    2001 = 4.    2002 = 3.    2003 = 7.    2004 = 5.    2005 = 8.    2006 = 9.    2007 = 8.    2008 = 6.    2009 = 12.

2010 = 4.    2011 = 12.    2012 = 7.    2013 = 6.    2014 = 6.    2015 =

Earliest date: 19th September 2005.

Latest date: 7th November 2002.

Peak count: 4 moths, one night in 2009.


1746 Anticlea badiata - Shoulder Stripe



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, hedgerows and scrubby places. The larval food plants are Dog-rose and other Roses.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in March and April.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record here, on 2nd April 2006.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1747 Anticlea derivata - Streamer



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Open woodland, hedgerows and scruby places. The larval food plant is mainly Dog-rose.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in April and May.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only three records here, all single moths on 24th April 2009, 28th April 2009, 27th April 2012 and 10th April 2014.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1749 Pelurga comitata - Dark Spinach

Status: Unusually rare here.

Habitat/Food plant: An urban moth that doesn't like Newington. They occur around disturbed ground, allotments etc. The larval food plants are the flowers and seeds of Gosoefoots and Oraches.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only one record here for well over a decade (taken on 14th August 20010 before another showed its face on 3rd August 2015.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1752 Cosmorhoe ocellata - Purple Bar



Status: Once fairly regular but now in steep decline and noteworthy.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, scrub, woodland, calcareous grassland, heathland sand dunes etc. The larval food plants are Bedstraws.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing from May till July then in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = ?    2000 = 6.    2001 = 11.    2002 = 8.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 6.    2005 = 9.    2006 = 4.    2007 = 7.    2008 = 18.    2009 = 5.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 2.    2014 = 3.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 19th May 2004.

Latest date: 12th September 2008.

Peak count: 2 moths on a few dates.


1754 Eulithis prunata - Phoenix



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens, allotments and woodland. The larval food plants are Black Current, Red Currant and Gooseberry.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded on the wing from late June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 6.    2000 = 2.    2001 = 6.    2002 = 7.    2003 = 7.    2004 = 7.    2005 = 7.    2006 = 6.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 3.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 6.    2011 = 4.    2012 = 3.    2013 = 3.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 11th June 2005.

Latest date: 17th August 2001.

Peak count: 3 moths, one night in 2005.


1755 Eulithis testata - Chevron

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: The habitat used  is varied, being mainly moorland and scrubby upland grassland but also woodland, fens. marshes and dune. The larval food plants are Sallows, Creeping Willow and Aspen.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from July till mid September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, on 10th August 2000.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1757 Eulithis mellinata - Spinach



Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens, allotments and woodland. The larval food plants are Black Current and Red Current.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 3.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 3.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 3.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 10th June 2007.

Latest date: 15th July 2009.

Peak count: 2 on 16th June 2004.


1758 Eulithis pyraliata - Barred Straw



Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, roadside verges, ditches, woodland edges and rough scrubby grasslands. The larval food plants are Cleavers and Bedstraws.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded flying from late May till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 1.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 5.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 1.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 1.

Earliest date: 17th June 2002.

Latest date: 11th July 2008.

Peak count: singles only.


1759 Ecliptophera silaceata - Small Phoenix



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Open broadleaved woodland, scrub etc. The larval food plants are Dog-rose, Burnett Rose and probably cultivated Rose.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from June till early August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Five records here, all as single moths on 29th July 2001, 26th July 2002, 28th July 2002, 28th July 2008 and 8th August 2009.

Earliest date: 26th July 2002.

Latest date: 8th August 2009.

Peak count: Singles only.


1760 Chloroclysta siterata - Red-green Carpet



Status: Annual only since 2010.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, hedgerows, large gardens etc. The larval food plants are the leaves of various broadleaved trees, mainly Oak but also including Blackthorn, Apple, Cherry, Dog-rose and Rowan.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from September till November then again in March and April after hibernation.

1999 - 2013 garden records: None at all until the autumn of 2010 since when the annual numbers have registered at:

1999 - 2009 = 0.    2010 = 1.     2011 = 2.     2012 = 5.     2013 = 3.    2014 = 8+.    2015 =

Earliest date: February 24th 2014/22nd September 2013.

Latest date: 29th November 2014.

Peak count: 2 on 20th October 2012 and 29th October 2012 and a few dates in 2014.