Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Brocades and Quakers:

Noctuidae (Hadeninae)

2145 Discestra trifolii - Nutmeg




Status: More or less annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: It occurs in a wide range of open habitat and it's larvae eat a wide variety of herbaceous plants.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying from April to June then in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:  Numbers fluctuate here from  year to year, they are never numerous.

Earliest date: 27th April 2004.

Latest date: 19th September 2003.

Peak count: 6 on 23rd July 2004. Taken mainly just as singles after 2005.


2147 Hada plebeja - Shears





Status:  Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Open places and some woodland. The larval food plants are varied but included Smooth Hawk's-beard, Mouse-ear Hawkweed and Lucerne.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing mainly from May to July with a small second generation flying in August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Scarce here apart from in 2007 when I took four specimens.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 4.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 1.  

2010 = 1.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 0.    2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 12th May 2009.

Latest date: 1st generation (or early second?) till 11th July and my one and only definite second generation moth showed up on 13th August 2000.

Peak count: Singles only.


2150 Polia nebulosa - Grey Arches



Taken on 16/06/2017

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, the larval food plants are varied including Hazel, Birch, Honeysuckle, Sallows and Brambles.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in June and July.

1999 - 2017 garden records: Two singles, taken on 31st May 2004 and 16th June 2017.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2152 Sideridis albicolon - White Colon





Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Coastal habitat, sand dunes, shingle and marsh where the larvae fed upon Sea Rocket, Restharrow, Sea Sandwort, Sand Spurrey and Ribwort Plantain.

Broods/flight period:  Double brooded, on the wing in May and June, then again  in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:  Five records here, all between 12th May and 23rd July.

Earliest date: 12th May 2007.

Latest date: 23rd July 2013.

Peak count: Singles only.


2154 Mamestra brassicae - Cabbage Moth




Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Any lowland habitat ... although as the name suggests, it does feed on Brassicas, it will eat just about any herbaceous plant including Sallows and Oaks.

Broods/flight period: Two or three generations, on the wing mainly from May till October.

1999 - 2015 garden records: A common species all the way from spring through till autumn, well on and off ... catches rarely reach double figures here.

Earliest date: 29th March 2008.

Latest date: 8th October 2004.

Peak count: 12 moths, one night in 2008.


2155 Melanchra persicariae - Dot Moth




Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: A wide range of habitats are used, the larval food plants follow suit ... being wide ranging, including Nettle, Hop, Bindweeds, Docks, Groundsel, White Clover, Black Currant, Ivy, Hazel, Elder etc etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded flying mainly in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Catches regularly top double figures, reaching twenties and thirties in some years.

Earliest date: 4th June 2006.

Latest date: In usual years 15th August 2001, though I did get a presumed second generation moth on 28th September 2015.

Peak count: 76 moths, on 27th July 2013.


2157 Lacanobia w-latinum - Light Brocade

Status: Rare here, extinct since 2005.

Habitat/Food plant: Open ground on calcareous soils, the larval food plants include Broom, Dyer's Greenweed, Bramble and Redshank ... the plant 'not' the bird ...

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only three records here, on 10th June 2000, 22nd June 2002 and 9th July 2004.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2158 Lacanobia thalassina - Pale-shouldered Brocade

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, scrub etc. The larval food plants are wide ranging, including Oaks, Hawthorn, Sallow, Apple, Aspen and Honeysuckle.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in May and July. There can be an occasional second brood in August some years.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Four records here, on 3rd July 2002, 13th June 2003, 18th June 2003 and annoyingly another on 14th July 2013 which flew off before I had chance to capture it via the medium of digital image! If I have to wait for another decade then it'll be my own stupid fault.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2159 Lacanobia suasa - Dog's Tooth






Status: Occurs most years in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Damp places, coastal marshes and wet grasslands. The larval food plants include Sea Lavender, Greater Plantain and Goose-foots.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying from May till July then August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 6.    2004 = 3.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 5.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 4.    2009 = 9.

2010 = 4.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 1.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 3.   2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 17th May 2010.

Latest date: 24th August 2008.

Peak count: Two moths, in 2006 and 2009.


2160 Lacanobia oleracea - Bright-line Brown-eye




Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Any time, any place anywhere ... they eat pretty much anything too, plants ... lego, concrete.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying May to July then in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Catches often reach double figures here.

Earliest date: 20th April 2001.

Latest date: 17th October 2006.

Peak count: 52 moths, on 8th July 2002 and again on 19th July 2006.


2154 Hecatera bicolorata - Broad-barred White




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Vegetated coastal dunes, the larval food plants are the flowers and flower buds  of Sow Thistles, Hawk's-beards and Hawkweeds.

Broods/flight period: One or two broods, mainly just one, flying from may till July then again some years in August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Stable throughout my period of trapping, very much a 'here and there' 'one or two moth' around the garden.

Earliest date: 15th May 2008.

Latest date: 25th August 2008.

Peak count: Up to three moths on a few dates.


2165 Hecatera dysodea - Small Ranunculus



usual (ish) looking type


Unusual grey type ... it's not worn just grey. 

Status: Returning to the UK after a 100 year hiatus, during which time it was only known as a rare migrant. Annual since 2006 here.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth of rough open ground, the larval food plants are cultivated lettuces, and the wild types, Prickly Lettuce and Great Lettuce.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing during July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Since appearing for the first time on 10th July 2008 the annual counts have been:

2005 = 0.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 9.    2008 = 6.    2009 = 7.    2010 = 13.    2011 = 9.    2012 = 15+.    2013 = 9.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 1.   2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 9th July 2012.

Latest date: 18th August 2007.

Peak count: Four moths, one night in 2012.


2166 Hadena rivularis - Campion




Top: A rather normal looking purplish individual and below; a rare pristine looking fresh 'dark thing' ... 

Status: Fairly common.

Habitat/Food plant: Open grassy places, the larval food plants are Wood-sage, Viper-Bugloss, Ragged Robin also Red and White Campion.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying in May and June then August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: A bit up and down here where you never get very many in any one sitting.

Earliest date: 16th May 2002.

Latest date: 14th September 2014.

Peak count: Up to four moths on various dates prior to 2006.


2170 Hadena compta - Varied Coronet




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Calcareous grasslands, the larval food plants are Sweet-william and Bladder Campion.

Broods/flight period:  Usually single brooded, flying in June and July ... occasionally a possible second generation flying in September/or perhaps immigrants?

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 1.    2000 = 3.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 6.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 4.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 3.    2007 = 4.    2008 = 8.    2009 = 8.

2010 = 10.    2011 = 10.    2012 = 3.    2013 = 4.    2014 = 6.    2015 = 3.   2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 4th June 2007.

Latest date: 1st generation till 18th July (in 2000) but I did on one occasion take a very fresh second generation/migrant on 5th September 2006.

Peak count: 3 moths, in 2010 and 2011.


2172 Hadena albimacula - White Spot




Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth of the coast where the larvae feed on Nottingham Catchfly and Campions. It's only known breeding colony's in the UK are in White Noath, Ballard Down/Studland Cliffs (in Dorset), Browndown (Hampshire) and between Dungeness and Samphire Hoe in Kent.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One records here, on 24th May 2007.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2173 Hadena bicruris - Lychnis




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Rough ground, hedgerows, woodland and coastal sand dunes. The larval food plants are Campions.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying from May till July then again in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: A fairly stable population here of a moth that I'm fortunate to see five to six times in some years.

Earliest date: 9th May 2008.

Latest date: 20th August 2008.

Peak count: Two moths on a few occasions.


2177 Tholera cespitis - Hedge Rustic




Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Open grasslands, the larval food plants are hard-bladed grasses including Mat-grass and Wavy Hair-grass.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only three records here, on 4th September 2003, 8th September 2012 and 9th September 2014.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2178 Tholera decimalis - Feathered Gothic




Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Rough grasslands, the larval food plants are hard-bladed grasses including Mat-grass and Sheep's-fescue.

Broods/flight period:

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only one record here, on 8th September 2011.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2179 Panolis flammea - Pine Beauty



Red Type


Green type

Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Pine forest, the larval food plant being Scotch Pine.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from March till May.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only seven records here, on 24th April 2004, 16th March 2007, 10th April 2009, 12th April 2009, 1st June 2010, 10 April 2015 and February 20th 2016.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date:  n/a.

Peak count:  n/a.


2182 Orthosia cruda - Small Quaker




Status: Although they occur here most years, numbers are often erratic.

Habitat/Food plant: Mainly a moth of woodland though they also occur in hedgerows etc. The larval food plants are mainly Oaks, but also Birch, Sallow and Field Maple.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying mainly in March and April.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = -.    2000 = 8.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 3.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 10+.    2005 = 7.    2006 = 5.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 12+.    2012 = 20+.    2013 = 5.    2014 = 6.    2015 = 7.   2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 18th March 2000.

Latest date: 29th April 2013.

Peak count: 6 moths, in 2004 and 2012.


2183 Orthosia miniosa - Blossom Underwing




Status: Rare migrant.

Habitat/Food plant: 'Oak' woodland, which is the larval food plant ... not the entire woodland ... leaves off the trees that exist within an Oak woodland.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in March and April.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Three records here, on 7th April 2009, 10th April 2009 and 2nd April 2011.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2185 Orthosia populeti - Lead-coloured Drab



Lead-coloured Drab, taken from my garden on 10th April 2014 (photo by D. Beadle) 




... and another taken on 7th April 2015.

Status: Rare, though seemingly increasing.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland and areas where Poplars, the larval flood plant grow.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from March till May.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Three records, singles on 28th March 2005, 10th April 2014 and 7th April 2015.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2186 Orthosia gracilis - Powdered Quaker





Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Marshes and damp woodland ...the larval food plants include Willows, Black Poplar, Blackthorn, Bog Myrtle, Meadowsweet, Purple Loosestrife and Common Fleabane.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in April and May.

1999 - 2015 garden records:  Four records here, on 12th April 2000, 20th April 2008, 6th May 2009 and 23rd April 2013.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2187 Orthosia cerasi - Common Quaker



An odd type with joined stigmaga's


The ground colour varies slightly from individual to individual. 

Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Most lowland habitats ... the larval food plants are Broadleaved trees including Oak, Sallow, Birch, Elm, Hawthorn and Hazel.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from march till May.

1999 - 2015 garden records:  Rarely numerous here, annual peak counts occasionally touching double figures.

Earliest date: 19th February 2014.

Latest date: 28th May 2003.

Peak count: 17 moths, in 2005.


2188 Orthosia incerta - Clouded Drab





Above: A few of many variations of this species. 

Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Most abundant in woodland though not tied to it. The larval food plants are various broad leaved trees including Oaks, Sallows, Birch, Hawthorn, Hazel, Elms and Lime.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from March till May.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = n/a.    2000 = 6.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 8.    2004 = 10.    2005 = 20+.    2006 = 8.    2007 = 9.    2008 = 6.    2009 = 9.

2010 = 14.    2011 = c20.    2012 = 17.    2013 = 4.    2014 = 8.    2015 = 5.   2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 12th March 2007.

Latest date: 16th May 2012.

Peak count: 6 moths, in 2005.


2189 Orthosia munda - Twin-spotted Quaker




Status: Was just about annual, rare since 2006.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland where the larvae feed on a a wide range of trees including Oak, Sallow, Aspen, Field Maple, Ash, Honeysuckle and Hop.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in March and April.

1999 - 2013 garden records: Eleven records here, eight up until 2006, after which time they became very scarce here.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = n/a.    2000 = 3.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 1.    2004 = 2.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 0.   2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 19th March 2012.

Latest date: 24th April in both 2003 and 2004.

Peak count: Singles only.


2190 Orthosia gothica - Hebrew Character




Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Anywhere eating anything.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late February/March till May.

1999 - 2015 garden records: fairly stable here, the odd blip some years. Catches sometimes reach double figures.

Earliest date: 13th February 2004.

Latest date: 26th May 2001.

Peak count: 31 moths, on 20th April 2005.