Sunday, 9 March 2014

Plusinae - Silver and Gold Y's and Brasses 

2428 Chrysodeixis chalcites - Golden Twin-spot




Status: A scarce migrant to the UK. On the continent they are resident in Southern Europe, North Africa and the Canary islands.

Habitat/Food plant: The larval food plants are stated as Sage, Vipers Bugloss, Chrysanthemums, Tobacco etc.

1999 - 2015 records:

Taken here on fifteen occasions, always as singles, between late July and early November.

Dates of capture: 16/08/99, 30/09/99, 25/07/02, 30/07/02, 01/11/02, 18/08/04, 23/10/04, 19/10/05, 29/10/09, 30/07/12, 05/09/13, 20/07/14, 25/07/14, 15/08/15, 7/11/15 and 2/09/2016.


2430 Ctenoplusia limberina - Scar Bank Gem




Status: Very rare migrant from North Africa, the Canary Islands and Madeira. At the time of capture there had been less than twenty UK records.

Habitat/Food plant: The larval food plants in Africa are reported to be Sages, Tobacco, Mulleins etc.

1999 - 2013 records: One record, taken on 13th July 2010.


2432 Trichoplusia ni - Ni Moth




Status: Rare migrant from Southern Europe and North Africa.

Habitat/Food plant: Not properly understood but larvae have been found on Sea Rocket, Marigold and Hawkweed. Will accept many cultivated plants in captivity.

1999 - 2013 records:

Two records here, taken on 8th August 2008 and 17th June 2015.


2434 Diachrysia chrysitis - Burnished Brass




Status: In decline, becoming quite scarce from about 2010 onwards. It had been a fairly regular visitor previously.

Habitat/Food plant: Found in a variety of habitats. The larval food plant is mainly Common Nettle but it does feed on White Dead-nettle, Wild Marjoram, Lesser Burdock and Spear Thistle.

1999 - 2015 records: Once a common visitor to the garden traps, numbers started to decline in 2010 and from thereon they were scarce for whatever reason?

To illustrate, I used to record 20 - 30+ moths annually from 1999 until 2009 apart from a blip in 2004 when I only recorded 4 single moths. Numbers were back to normal by 2005 and in 2002 I took 1 - 3 moths on 38 dates between June 7th and September 18th and in 2008, 1 - 5 moths on 41 dates between June 15th and October 1st ... by 2010 numbers had dropped to virtually nothing by comparison, from then they were always scarce. It's very odd taking into account on how common the larval food plants are locally?

Since the decline, my annual totals of moths here have been:

2010 = 5.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 4.    2013 = 0.   2014 = 1.    2015 = 0.    2016 = 2.


243?? Diachrysis stenochrysitis - Cryptic Burnished Brass


Status: Unknown.

Previously lumped in amongst D.chrysistis until news emerged in 2010 (or thereabouts?) that the individuals having joined brassy lines were thought to be of the continental form D.stenochrysitis. As yet I am unsure whether this is a separate full species, though from what I've been reliably informed I suspect it is? There was a lot of controversy at the time when the news initially broke. Fortunately I had taken a few images of the joined up form so could verify what I already knew from memory, that this form had occurred in the garden.

2436 Macdunnoughia confusa - Dewick's Plusia



26th July 2012


16th August 2013

Status: Rare migrant from mainland Europe.

Habitat/Food plant: Common Nettle, Yarrow, Mayweeds, Chamomile, Wormwood etc.

1999 - 2015 records: Three records, all as single moths taken on 15th September 2008, 26th July 2012 and 16th August 2013.


2493 Plusia festucae - Gold Spot



Status: Irregular, non annual resident.

Habitat/Food plant: A variety of damp places, canals, rivers, ditches, marshes etc.

1999 - 2015 records: Only one of the first generation (taken on 31/05/2009) has ever showed up here whilst although generally a scarcity, they did show up in very good numbers in 2009 (only) when I took 1 - 2 moths on 15 dates. All the second generation moths have shown between July 26th and August 24th. 

To illustrate, the annual totals since 1999 have been as follows:

1999 = 0.     2000 = 1.     2001 = 0.     2002 = 0.     2003 = 3.     2004 = 0.     2005 = 1.     2006 = 1.    2007 = 4.     2008 = 4.     2009 = 16.  

2010 = 0.     2011 = 0.     2012 = 1.     2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 1.    2016 = 1.


2441 Autographa gamma - Silver Y




Status: Common migrant.

Habitat/Food plant: Various ... food plants includes Bedstraws, Clovers, Nettle, Garden Pea, Cabbage and Runner Bean etc.

1999 - 2015 records: The most common of the migrant macro species, it can arrive in vast numbers. The peak counts here have been: 53 on 08/08/04, 80 on 19/07/06, 64 on 29/07/06 and 46 on 30/07/10.

They have shown up around the moth traps here in every month barring February, though always in the largest numbers in late summer and autumn.


2449 Abrostola triplasia - Dark Spectacle



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Found in gardens as well as many other habitats. The Larval food plant is Common Nettle and Hop.

1999 - 2015 records: Not a species that arrives in large numbers, the peak counts have been of nine moths in single nights in both 2002 and 2007. Records have increased in recent years here. The early and late dates were of moths on April 21st 2003 and 6th October in both 2007 and 2008.


2450 Abrostola tripartita - Spectacle




The head on view showing the false eyes, after which it received its name

Status: Common, though showing signs of massive decline around the garden by 2010 ish.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens, ditches, woodland etc. The larval food plant is Common Nettle.

1999 - 2013 records: Never numerous, the peak count was of five moths taken one night back in 2005 when they were far more common than they are now. The early and latest dates were 16th April 2007 and September 16th 2006.


Catocalinae 

2452 Catacala nupta - Red Underwing



Status: 0 - 6 annually ... numbers would be appear to be falling away in recent years. 

Habitat/Food plant: It occurs in woodland and parkland/gardens etc, the larval food plants are Poplars (Black, White and Aspen) and Willows.

1999 - 2015 records: The early and late dates have been from 31st July 1999 and 21st October in both 2002 and 2004. 

Annual totals (all as single moths)

1999 = 2.     2000 = 1.     2001 = 5.     2002 = 1.     2003 = 2.     2004 = 1.     2005 = 1.     2006 = 6.     2007 = 4.     2008 = 3.

2009 = 3.     2010 = 0.     2011 = 3.     2012 = 1.     2013 = 1.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 0.    2016 = 1.


Ophiderinae 

2469 Scoliopterix libatrix - Herald




Status: Annual in very small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: It occurs in any habitat where the larval food plant (Willow/Aspen and Poplars) is found.

1999 - 2015 records: Adult moths over winters and can show up in March/April.  They then show up again during July with second generation moths from September.

Being a low level visitor they generally show up as singles moths, occasional in two's, though not very often. I once found four in the traps on 15th July 2005 but this was exceptional in my experience. Even when trapping away from the garden in prime habitat this would constitute a large haul I feel? 

Annual garden totals:  1999 = 1.     2000 = 1.     2001 = 4.     2002 = 5.     2003 = 3.     2004 = 7.     2005 = 11.     2006 = 3.     2007 = 5.     2008 = 5.

2009 = 4.    2010 = 4.     2011 = 2.     2012 = 2.     2013 = 7.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 4.    2016 = 0.


Rivulinae 

2474 Rivula sericealis - Straw Dot




Status: Fairly regular though never numerous.

Habitat/Food plant: Grassland and marshes ... the larval food plants are various grasses.

1999 - 2015 records: Small numbers of both generations generally show up annually, usually as single moths but 2 - 4 show up every now and then. I did once catch 11 on one night, way back in 2003 mind you.


2473 Laspeyria flexula Beautiful Hook-tip




The first capture, taken on 15/08/2015




... and the second [on the very same bit of red slate] on 2nd June 2017. 

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Open woodland, parkland hedgerows, roadside verges, old orchards etc. The larval food plants are lichens growing on various trees.

Broods/flight period: One generation, flying from June till August.

1999 - 2017 garden records: three records, taken on 15th July 2015 then 2nd June 2017 and 17th June 2017.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2475 Parasscotia fuliginaria - Waved Black

Status: Rare wanderer and possible migrant?

Habitat/Food plant: Mainly damp woodland - the larval food plant is moist Fungi, lichens and the rather vile sounding 'slime moulds' found growing on rotting wood.

1999 - 2015 records: One record, taken on 14th July 2010.


Hypeninae - Snouts 

2477 Hypena proboscidalis - Snout



First generation moth


Second generation moth

Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: It occurs pretty much anywhere, the larval food plant is Common Nettle.

1999 - 2015 records: Showing signs of decline here since 2009/10, though both generations are still seen in half reasonable numbers.

The maximum catch catch was of six moths on one night back in 2003.


2478 Hypena obsitalis - Bloxworth Snout

Status: Rare wanderer, possibly a migrant? Since the 1990's it has been resident between Cornwall and Dorset.

Habitat/Food plant: South facing cliffs apparently ... the larval food plant is Pellitory of the Wall.

1999 - 2015 records:

One record, taken on 28th September 2011.


2480 Hypena rostralis - Buttoned Snout



The one and only record of Buttoned Snout taken here ... unfortunately like so many good moths, it flew off and escaped during the transfer from pot to rocky background ... or in other words, the proper photo session. Anyhow, all I'm left with is this 'on the egg box' memory.

Status: Rare wanderer to the garden.

Habitat/Food plant: Only found in the south-east of England ... the larval food plant is Hop.

1999 - 2016 records:

One record, taken on 15th July 2016.

Strepsimaninae 

2484 Shrankia costaestrigalis - Pinion-streaked Snout

Status: Scarce wanderer.

Habitat/Food plant: Occurs in damp woodland and marshy areas. The larval food plant remains unknown.

1999 - 2015 records:

One record, taken on 17th June 2005.


Herminiinae - Fan Foots.

2488a Pechipogo plumigeralis - Plumed Fan Foot 



Status: Extremely rare migrant until early/mid 2000's and recent colonist to the UK. Probably locally established, though still a scarcity.

Habitat/Food plant: Not fully understood in the UK. On the continent known to feed on Rose, Broom, Ivy and other plants.

1999 - 2013 records: Six records, all as single moths on: 20/09/2009, 10/07/2010, 27/06/2011, 03/07/2012, 02/08/2012 and 03/08/2013.

After the above, the annual totals were:

2014 = 2.   2015 = 4.    2016 = 2.


2489 Zanclognatha tarsipennalis - Fan-foot




Status: Irregular.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved Woodland, Parks and gardens - feeding on withered leaves of Oak, Beech and Bramble etc.

1999 - 2013 records: Ten records, all as single moths, between 3rd July (2012) and 31st July (1999)

Since the above, the annual totals have been:

2014 = 4.    2015 = 6.    2016 = 3.


2492 Herminia grisealis - Small Fan-foot




Status: Irregular.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved Woodland, Scrub, Parkland etc.

1999 - 2013 records: Ten records, all between 16th June (2002 and 2004) and 5th August (2007)
I have taken two moths in a single night/date on two occasions, on 17th June 2005 and 16th July 2013.

Since the above, the annual totals have been:

2014 = 3.    2015 = 1.    2016 = 0.


2493 Macrochilo cribrumalis - Dotted Fan-foot




Status: Scarce wanderer.

Habitat/Food plant: Marshy areas - feeding on Wood Sedge, Hairy Wood Sedge and Field Wood Rush.

1999 - 2015 records: Twelve records all single moths, between 27th June (2011) and 21st July (2007)


2495 Trisateles emortualis - Olive Crescent

Status: Rare migrant.

Habitat/Food plant: Mature Woodland ... feeding on Oak, Beech and possibly Sweet Chestnut.

1999 - 2013 records:

One record of a moth taken on 26th June 2001.

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