Monday, 24 March 2014

Hawkmoths, Kittens, Prominents and Tussock Moths

Sphingidae

1972 Agrius convolvuli - Convolvulus Hawkmoth

Status: Rare migrant.

Habitat/Food plant: Can be found anywhere, though more likely round the coast. The larval food plants are  species of Convolvulus (bindweeds) ... in captivity they will accept Garden Privet.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from June till October.

1999 - 2015 garden records:  Surprisingly scarce here with only two records, on 14th August 2003 and 26th August 2003.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1976 Sphinx ligustri - Privet Hawkmoth




The adult Moth


The enormous Caterpillar, found in my front Privet hedge. 

Status: Once fairly scarce, now annual and increasing.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, open woodland etc. The larval food plants are Wild and Garden Privet, Ash, Lilac and Guelder-rose.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Once a scarcity here, the numbers increased dramatically during the late 1990's.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 6.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 15+.    2011 = 13.    2012 = 25+.    2013 = 15+.    2014 = 15+.    2015 = 34.   2016 = 15.

Earliest date: 8th June 2014.

Latest date: 9th August 2011.

Peak count: 4 on 10th July 2015.


Smerinthinae

1979 Mimas tiliae - Lime Hawkmoth





Status: Annual, though showing signs of decline.

Habitat/Food plant: Most habitats from Woodland to urban areas. The larval food plants are Lime, Elms, Downy Birch and Alder.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: There were signs of definite decrease in the later 90's.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 2.    2000 = 10.    2001 = 4.    2002 = 6.    2003 = c.20.    2004 = c.10.    2005 = c.12.    2006 = 6.    2007 = 7.    2008 = 6.    2009 = 7.

2010 = 4.    2011 = 1.     2012 = 3.     2013 = 3.      2014 = 5.        2015 = 6.       2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 27th April 2004.

Latest date: 2nd August 2002.

Peak count: 3 moths, in 2000 and 2003.


1980 Smerinthus ocelllata - Eyed Hawkmoth




Status: Annual.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens, Orchards, riverside parks etc. The larval food plants are Willows, Sallows and Apple Trees.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing between May and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Very up and down here, where it can be scarce some years.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = -.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 2.    2002 = 12.    2003 = 7.    2004 = 7.    2005 = 4.    2006 = 10.    2007 = 7.    2008 = 5.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 12.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 2.    2013 = 3.    2014 = 15+.    2015 = 2.   2016 = 2.

Earliest date: 14th May 2000.

Latest date: 25th August 2015.

Peak count: 3 moths, in 2010.


1981 Laothoe populi - Poplar Hawkmoth




Status: Regular, though in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Parks, Gardens, woodland etc. The larval food plants are Poplars, Sallows and Willows.

Broods/flight period: Mostly single brooded, on the wing from May till July. An occasional, but small second brood can show during September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: The most regular of the Hawks here during my time of trapping.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 3.    2000 = 6.    2001 = 11.    2002 = c.30.    2003 = c.20.    2004 = 12.    2005 = 15.    2006 = 12.    2007 = 15+.    2008 = 15+.    2009 = 15.

2010 = 12.  2011 = 20.  2012 = 10.    2013 = 30+.    2014 = 13.       2015 = 13.    2016 = 9.

Earliest date: 7th May 2007.

Latest date: 14th August 2002 and 2015. On two occasions I have taken second generation moths, both on the same day of the year, on 3rd September in both 2005 and 2013.

Peak count: 5 moths, in 2013.


Macroglossinae


1984 Macroglossum stellatarum - Hummingbird Hawkmoth

Status: Scarce but increasing day flying migrant.

Habitat/Food plant: Mainly coastal, the larval food plants are Lady's Bedstraw, Hedge Bedstraw and Wild Madder.

Broods/flight period: Mostly seen between May and October.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Seen by day here on six occasions, once in the early - mid 90's, 2006, 2007, twice in 2011 and 2012.

Earliest date: I did see one by day on 27th March 2007 which is a very early date.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1990 Hyles livornica - Striped Hawkmoth




Status: Rare migrant from Southern Europe and North Africa.

Habitat/Food plant: On the continent, mainly coastal, using warm open habitats. The larval food pants are varied but include Willowherbs, Hedge Bedstraw, Snapdragons, Fuschias, Sorrels and Docks.

Broods/flight period: Arrives from April till October.

1999 - 2015 garden records: 1 record here, on 24th August 2009.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1991 Deilephila elpenor - Elephant Hawkmoth




Status: Almost annual here, but always in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Rough ground, hedgerows ditches etc. The larval food plants are mainly Rosebay and Greater Willowherb (plus other Willowherbs and Bedstraws)  but also garden Fuschias too.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in June and July/August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 3.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 2.    2005 = c.10.    2006 = 4.    2007 = 5.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 4.

2010 = 6.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 4.    2013 = 5.    2014 = 5.    2015 = 20.   2016 = 9.

Earliest date: 9th June 2009.

Latest date: 5th August 2010.

Peak count: 4 moths, in 2005.


1992 Deilephila porcellus - Small Elephant Hawkmoth




Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Open grassy habitats. The larval food plants are mainly Ladies Bedstraw but also Marsh, Heath and Hedge Bedstraw too. Also recorded on Rosebay Willowherb and Purple Loosestrife.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in May and June/July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 1.    2000 = 2.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 5.    2011 = 2.    2012 = 2.    2013 = 2.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 0.    2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 9th June 2009.

Latest date: 3rd July 2013.

Peak count: Singles only.


Notodontidae


1995 Cerula vinula - Puss Moth





The outrageous caterpillar, reared from eggs found in one of my moth traps. 

Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, open woodland, scrub etc. The larval food plants are Poplars and Willows, particularly Aspen and Goat Willow.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: 6 records here, on 15/06/02, 22/05/03, 1/06/05, 4/06/05, 31/05/11 and 4/06/13.

Earliest date: 22nd May 2003.

Latest date: 15th June 2002.

Peak count: Single only.


1997 Furcula furcula - Sallow Kitten




Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Open woodland and scrub, hedgerows etc. The larval food plants are various Willows and some Poplars.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May and June, then again in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Nine records here.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 2.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 0.    2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 25th May 2005.

Latest date: 6th August 2003.

Peak count: Singles only.


2000 Notodonta dromedarius - Iron Prominent




Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, The larval food plants are mainly Birches and Alder, sometimes Hazel and Oaks.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May/June and July/August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 6.    2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 14th May 2004.

Latest date: 20th August 2015.

Peak count: singles only.


2003 Notodonta ziczac - Pebble Prominent




Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Mature woodland, gardens etc. The larval food plants are Sallows, Willows, Aspen and Poplars.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May/June and July/August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 3.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 5.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 3.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 3.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 1.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 1.    2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 14th April 2015.

Latest date: 24th August 2012.

Peak count: 2 on 29th July 2001.


2006 Pheosia gnoma - Lesser Swallow Prominent




Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, parks etc. The larval food plants are Silver and Downy Birch.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing from April till June then July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records here, on 16th August 2003  and 27th May 2009.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2007 Pheosia tremula - Swallow Prominent




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, parks etc. The larval food plants are Aspen, Poplar and Sallows.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing from late April till June then again in August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 7.    2000 = 10+.    2001 = 10+.    2002 = c.10.    2003 = c.10.    2004 = c.10.    2005 = 10+.    2006 = 9.    2007 = 3.    2008 = c.15.    2009 = 7.

2010 = 7.     2011 = 2.       2012 = 8.        2013 = 7.         2014 = 16+.      2015 = 4.        2016 = 4.

Earliest date: 24th April 2009.

Latest date: 30th August in both 1999 and 2009.

Peak count: 4 moths, in 2008.


2008 Ptilodon capucina - Coxcomb Prominent



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland and scrub. The larval food plants are various deciduous trees including Birch, Hazel, Alder, Aspen, Sallow, Hawthorn, Limes, Oaks, Beech etc.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying from late April till June then in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records here, on 3rd July 2002 and 4th July 2010.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2009 Ptilodon cucullina - Maple Prominent




Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, scrub, parkland etc. The larval food plant in mainly Field maple but also Sycamore.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 2.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 3.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 8.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 6.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 1.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 4.    2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 27th May 2009.

Latest date: 25th August 2006.

Peak count: 2 moths, one night in 2008.


2011 Pterostoma palpina - Pale Prominent




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens, parks etc. The larval food plants are Aspen and other Poplars.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May/June and July/August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 1.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 6.    2003 = 7.    2004 = 5.    2005 = 8.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 6.    2008 = 8.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 6.    2011 = 8.    2012 = 4.   2013 = 12.    2014 = 7.   2015 = 0.    2016 = 5.

Earliest date: 11th April 2014.

Latest date: 20th August 2008.

Peak count: 3 moths, one night in 2011.


Pygaerinae


2018 Clostera anachoreta - Scarce Chocolate-tip




Status: Scarce ... hee hee.

Habitat/Food plant: Coastal shingle colonised by Sallow [Grey Willow] scrub, which is the primary larval food plant. They also accept Willows, Aspen and Poplars too.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in April/May and July/August. Occasionally a third brood in October too.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 1.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 0.    2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 24th May 2010.

Latest date: 12th August 2005.

Peak count: Singles only.


2019 Clostera curtula - Chocolate-tip




Status: rare till the late 2000's and virtually annual since 2006.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, hedgerows etc. The larval food plants are Aspen, Poplars, Sallows and Willows.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in April/May and July/August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 6.    2013 = 4.    2014 = 3.    2015 = 3.    2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 22nd April 2014.

Latest date: 14th August 2013.

Peak count: 2 moths, one night in 2012.


Phalerinae


1994 Phalera bucephala - Buff-tip




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, scrub, hedgerows etc. The larvae are not too fussy and feed on various things.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 1.    2000 = 7.    2001 = 4.    2002 = 6.    2003 = 12.    2004 = 5.    2005 = 6.    2006 = 3.    2007 = 4.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 4.    2011 = 6.    2012 = 12.    2013 = c.20.    2014 = 8.    2015 = 16.   2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 20th May in 2003 and 2011.

Latest date: 5th August 2015.

Peak count: 5 moths, one night in 2013.


Dilobinae


2020 Diloba caeruleocephala - Figure of Eight

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland and hedgerows etc. The larval food plants are Blackthorn, Hawthorn, Crab Apple, Wild Roses and fruit trees.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from late September till November.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, on 28th October 2002.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


Lymantriidae


2026 Orgyia antiqua - Vapourer




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Anywhere, feeding on anything.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from July till October.

1999 - 2015 garden records: The males are quite often seen flying by day into late autumn on sunny afternoons.

Earliest date: 19th June 2009.

Latest date: 11th October 2001.

Peak count: 5 moths, one night in 1999.


2028 Caliteara pudibana - Pale Tussock




They come in various guises, from dark to pale with various intergrades between the two. 

Status: Notable.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, gardens, parks etc. The larval food plants are a wide variety of things.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in May and June.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 2.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 6.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 3.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 7.

2010 = 12.   2011 = 1.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 1.    2014 = 5.    2015 = 0.   2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 29th April 2014.

Latest date: 24th June 2010.

Peak count: 3 moths, one night in 2010.


2029 Euproctis chrysorrhoea - Brown-tail




Status: Common and increasing.

Habitat/Food plant: Mainly coastal scrub. The larval food plants are Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Bramble, Dog Rose, Sallow etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: A vast increase in numbers here in 2012 and 2013.

Earliest date: 23rd June 2011 and 2014.

Latest date: 30th August 2015.

Peak count: 24 on 26/07/2012 and 36 moths one night in 2013.


2030 Euproctis similis - Yellow-tail




Bottom photo: The dead pose, used to fool predators.

Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, scrub, woodland etc. The larval food plants are varied including Hawthorn, blackthorn, birch, hazel, oak, sallow etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Although numbers are a bit up and down the population has remained fairly stable here.

Earliest date: 23rd June 2014.

Latest date: 21st August in both 2008 and 2010. A rogue second generation moth was taken on 23rd October 2014.

Peak count: 3 moths, in 2005 and 2009.


2031 Leucoma salicis - White Satin Moth




Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, scrub, woodland parks etc. The larval food plants are Aspen, Poplars, Sallows and Willows.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Four records, 20th August 1999, 20th June 2009, 28th July 2013 and 30th July 2013.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2034 Lymantria dispar - Gypsy Moth



The first moth, taken on 24/08/12


The second moth, taken on 26/08/12


The 'radar' antennae

Status: Rare migrant.

Habitat/Food plant: In Europe, woodland, scrub etc. The larval food plants are varied.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2017 garden records: Three records, of two separate moths on 24th August 2012 and 26th August 2012 then another on 11th August 2017.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.

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