Friday, 21 March 2014

Footman, Tiger Moths and Ermines.

Arctiidae (Lithosiinae)

2035 Thumatha senex - Round-winged Muslin



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Damps areas, marshes, fens bogs etc. The larval food plants are lichens and mosses growing on the ground. Also on algae found low down on the stems of marsh plants.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Six records here, taken on 14/07/05, 17/07/05, 19/07/06, 30/06/2010, 1/07/15 and 16/07/2016.

Earliest date: 30th June 2006.

Latest date: 19th July 2006.

Peak count: Singles only.


2037 Miltochrista miniata - Rosy Footman





Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, the larval food plants are Dog Lichen and other lichens found growing on trees.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from mid June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Six records, on 30/07/04, 20/07/06, 17/07/08, 08/08/12, 08/07/2014 and 13/08/2016.

Earliest date: 17th July 2008.

Latest date: 8th July 2014.

Peak count: Singles only.


2039 Atolmis rubricollis - Red-necked Footman



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, the larval food plants are Lichens growing on Oak, birch, beech, larch, spruce etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Five records prior to 2015, taken on 31/07/01, 14/06/03, 12/07/06, 28/06/10 and 30/06/10. A mental period of migration during the summer of 2015 produced 5 moths on 30th June and 3 more on 1st July.

Earliest date: 14th June 2003.

Latest date: 31st July 2001.

Peak count: Singles only.


2040 Cybosia mesomella - Four-dotted Footman



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Open woodland, damp grassland etc. The larval food plants are Algae and Lichens also Heathers and Sallows etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from mid June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only one record, taken on 16th June 2007.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2043 Eilema sororcula - Orange Footman



Status: Uncommon.

Habitat/Food plant: Mainly mature Oak and Beech woodland but also dense Blackthorn scrub. The larval food plants are Lichens growing and trees and Blackthorn.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in May and June.

1999 - 2015 garden records:  Only eight records here.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 1.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 1.    2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 10th May 2012.

Latest date: 20th July 2015.

Peak count: Singles only.


2044 Eilema griseola - Dingy Footman



Usual grey type


The less common orange form, f.stramineola.

Status: Regular in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Damp and marshy places, the larval food plants are Lichens and Algae growing on tress and bushes.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Stable here, never numerous.

Earliest date: 25th June 2006.

Latest date: 27th August 2012.

Peak count: 6 moths in 2006.


2045 Eilema caniola - Hoary Footman



Status: Rare, probably migrants here?

Habitat/Food plant: Rocky coastlines, beaches etc. The larval food plants are Algae and Lichens found growing on rocks etc. Also Bird's-foot Trefoil and related plants.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Four records here, on 10/09/2010, 18/08/2012, 01/09/2013 and 03/08/2016.

Earliest date: 18th August 2012.

Latest date: 10th September 2010.

Peak count: Singles only.


2046 Eilema pygmaeola pygmaeola - Pigmy Footman



Pigmy Footman of the form f.pallifrons

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Coastal sand dunes, the larval food plants are lichens and algae found growing on stones, posts and plants.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records here, on 9th August 2002 and 21st August 2012.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2047 Eilema complana - Scarce Footman



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Wide ranging, the larvae feeding on Lichens and algae found growing on rocks.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Numbers fluctuate here, they were scarce in 2011 when only two moths showed up all year.

Earliest date: 24th June 2010.

Latest date: 31st August 2012.

Peak count: 10 moths, on 28th July 2003.


2049 Eilema depressa  - Buff Footman



Status: Rare but increasing on the Vile Isle during recent years ...

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, the larval food plants are Lichens and algae growing on trees.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Five records here, on 18th July 2008, 22nd July 2008, 17th July 2015, 20th July 2015 and 1st July 2016.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2050 Eilema lurideola - Common Footman



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Most lowland habitats. The larval food plants are Lichens and algae, also Hawthorn, Travelers Joy and Bramble.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from late June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Increasing here, with some very large peaks counts occurring in 2012 and 2013.

Earliest date: 1st June 2014.

Latest date: 28th August 2005.

Peak count: 46 moths, on 7th July 2012 and 62 moths on 26th July 2013.


2051 Lithosia quadra - Four-spotted Footman



The male


The female

Status: Scarce but on the increase.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, the larval food plants are Dog Lichen and other lichens found growing on trees.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been: Eight records (nine moths) which have turned up once in June, twice in September and five times in October.

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 3.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 4.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 0.    2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 30th June 2012.

Latest date: 17th October 2013.

Peak count: 2 moths, on 7th October 2008.


Arctiinae

2057 Arctia caja - Garden Tiger





Status: Once regular, showing a steady decline from the middle 2000's.

Habitat/Food plant: Wide ranging in both use of habitat and food plants, which included Common Nettle, Broad-leaved Dock, Burdocks, Hound's-tongue etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Fairly regular till 2004 when number fell away dramatically here.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 12.    2000 = 20+.    2001 = 20+.    2002 = 15+.    2003 = 10.    2004 = 0.    2005 = 3.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 7.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 3.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 5.    2013 = 2.    2014 = 3.    2015 = 2.   2016 = 1.

Earliest date:

Latest date:

Peak count:


2058 Arctia villica - Cream-spot Tiger



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Open ground on the coast. The larval food plants include White Dead-nettle, Chickweeds, Hawkweeds, Ragworts and Black Horehound.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from late May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only three records here, on 8th June 2003, 12th June 2006 and 3rd June 2015.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


2060 Spilosoma lubricipeda - White Ermine



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Both very wide ranging.

Broods/flight period: Usually single brooded, flying from April/May till July. Occasionally September and October too, though not very often.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Regular but never numerous.

Earliest date: 18th April 2007.

Latest date:  1st generation till 14th July (in 2015) but I have on two occasions taken second generation moths, on 12th August 2003 and 2nd October 2004.

Peak count: 14 moths, in 2009.


2061 Spilosoma luteum - Buff Ermine



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Both extremely varied.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Can arrive in fairly large numbers, twenty plus counts regular here.

Earliest date: 5th April 2014.

Latest date: 19th September 2014. I have on two occasions taken late moths, presumably a second generation things on 27th October 2010 and 6th October 2015.

Peak count: 32 moths in 2008 and 2013.


2062 Spilosoma urticae - Water Ermine




Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Marshes, wet meadows, ditches etc. The larval food plants include Water Mint, Water Dock, Yellow Loosestrife, Lousewort and Yellow Iris.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Seven records here, on 03/06/03, 06/06/03, 18/06/03, 03/06/04, 04/06/06, 06/06/11 and 22/06/2016.

Earliest date: 3rd June in 2003 and 2004.

Latest date: 18th June 2003.

Peak count: Singles only.


2063 Diaphora mendica - Muslin Moth



Status: Fairly common.

Habitat/Food plant: Many open habitats, the larvae eating many different herbaceous plants.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in May and June.

1999 - 2015 garden records: They occur in small numbers only.

Earliest date: 10th April 2009 and 2014.

Latest date: 3rd June in 2006 and 2007.

Peak count: Six moths, in 2011.


2064 Phragmatobia fuliginosa fuliginosa - Ruby Tiger



Status: Fairly common.

Habitat/Food plant: Most open habitats are used ... the larval food plants are varied.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying from April till June then again from July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Numbers and flying times vary greatly here. The wide ranging dates suggest three generation perhaps?

Earliest date: 19th April 2011.

Latest date: 20th September 2005.

Peak count: 10 moths, in 2009 and 2010.


2069 Tyria jocobaeae - Cinnabar



Status: Almost annual.

Habitat/Food plant: Well drained open areas where Ragwort, the larval food plant grows.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from May till July/August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 4.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 5.    2004 = 4.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 3.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 5.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 2.   2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 9th May 2011.

Latest date: 16th July 2015.

Peak count: 2 moths, on 17th June 2005 and 7th June 2006.


Nolidae

2076 Meganola albula - Kent Black Arches



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Coastal heathland, salt marshes, shingle and sandy beaches.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Notable here.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 0.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 5.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 3.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 0.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 0.    2015 = 1.    2016 = 1.

Earliest date: 10th July 2007.

Latest date: 3rd August 2004.

Peak count: 2 moths, on 24th July 2006 and 16th July 2007.


2077 Nola cucullatella - Short-cloaked Moth



Status: Irregular here, though they do occur in very small numbers in most years.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, scrub and woodland. The larval food plants are Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Apple, Pear and Plum.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Virtually always notable here.

The approximate annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 3.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 3.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 3.    2009 = 3.

2010 = 6.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 5.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 2.    2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 15th June 2007.

Latest date: 30th July 2013.

Peak count: 2 on 9th July 2004 and ??th July 2010.


2078 Nola confusalis - Least Black Arches



Status: Irregular.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, hedgerows, parkland etc.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in May and June.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Very up and down here.

The approximate annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 8.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 3.    2004 = 2.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 3.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 3.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 2.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 4.    2015 = 0.   2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 2nd April 2014.

Latest date: 11th June 2006.

Peak count: 2 moths on three dates in 2001 and once in 2014.


2079 Nola aerugula - Scarce Black Arches

Status: Rare migrant.

Habitat/Food plant:

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late June till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

One record taken on 25th July 2016.

Earliest date: n/a

Latest date: n/a

Peak count: n/a

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