Monday, 31 March 2014

Carpets, Pugs and allies

Geometridae (Larentiinae)

1811 Eupethecia tenuiata - Slender Pug




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Varied habitats are used, damp woodland, scrub, dunes, ponds, marshes etc. The larval food plants are the Catkins of Salix species. (i.e. Willows and Sallows)

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: The annual totals in recent years have been:

2007 = 1.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 2.    2010 = 2.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 1.    2013 = 6.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 3,   2016 = 2.

Earliest date: 24th June 2015.

Latest date: 16th July 2013.

Peak count: Singles only.


1812 Eupethecia inturbata - Maple Pug




Status: Almost annual but always seen in very small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodlands, wetlands etc. The larval food plants are Aspen, Poplar, Sallow and Willow.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from late May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 0.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 2.    2013 = 3.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 3.   2016 = 6.

Earliest date: 20th June 2004.

Latest date: 20th August 2015.

Peak count: Singles only.


1813 Eupethecia haworthiata - Haworth's Pug




Status: Annual and increasing in recent years.

Habitat/Food plant: It occurs in most places where the food plant (Traveller's-joy) grows.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 2.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 3.    2004 = 3.    2005 = 2.    2006 = 3.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 8.

2010 = 6.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 4.    2013 = 10.   2014 = 7.   2015 = 6.    2016 = 7.

Earliest date: 12th June 2015.

Latest date: 11th August 2007.

Peak count: 3 moths, on. nights in 2013 and 2016.


1814 Eupethecia plumbeolata - Lead-coloured Pug

Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth of open woodland where the larval food plants, Cow Wheat and Yellow Rattle exist.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late May till June.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Unsure? I did take this species at least once (perhaps two or three times?) but failed to write the records down properly.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.

1815 Eupethecia abietaria Cloaked Pug





Status: A rarity.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth of mature conifer plantations where the larvae feed inside the large cones of various Spruce and Fir trees.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2017 garden records: One record, taken on 27th May 2017.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1816 Eupethecia linariata - Toadflax Pug



Status: Once annual here, nowadays a scarcity.

Habitat/Food plant: Rough limestone and chalk grasslands/roadside verges etc. The larval food plants are Common Toadflax and possibly Purple Toadflax?

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: The alarming decline can be seen from my year on year annual totals ...

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 5.    2002 = 1.    2003 = 8.    2004 = 8.    2005 = 5.    2006 = 7.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 0.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 0.    2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 6th July 2000.

Latest date: 10th September 2004.

Peak count: Up to two moths on a few dates.


1817 Eupethecia pulchellata puchellata - Foxglove Pug

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, hillside, moorland grassland etc where the food plant, Foxglove occurs.

Broods/flight period: One generation, on the wing in May and June.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record here, taken on 14th June 2005.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1819 Eupethecia exiguata - Mottled Pug



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, scrub and hedgerows are used. The larval food plants are Hawthorn, Blackthorn and Dogwood.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in May and June.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 30th March 2004.

Latest date: 19th July 2010.

Peak count: 12 moths in both 2004 and 2006.


1820 Eupethecia insigniata - Pinion-spotted Pug

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Old hedgerows etc. The larval food plant is mainly Hawthorn.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in late April and May.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record here, on 21st May 2003.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1825 Eupethecia centaureata - Lime-speck Pug



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Various habitats are used including coastal salt marsh, urban gardens, roadside scrub and open woodland. The larval food plants are the flowers of various low growing plants including Ragwort, Mugwort, Sea Wormwood, Knapweeds, Yarrow, Hemp Agrimony, Wild Angelica, Traveller's-joy, Goldenrod and Michaelmas Daisy.

Broods/flight period: Two overlapping generations, flying from April till October.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 2nd May 2009.

Latest date: 7th October 2008.

Peak count: 12 moths, one night in 2003.


1826 Eupethecia trisignaria - Triple-spotted Pug

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Marshy fields, Fenland, roadside verges and damp woodland rides. The larval food plants are the ripening fruits of Wild Angelica and Hogweed.

Broods/flight period: One generation, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records, taken in August of 2000 then 29th July 2016.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1827 Eupethecia intricata - Freyer's Pug



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth that uses various garden Conifers, Junipers and Cypresses.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in from May till June/July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 22nd May 2014.

Latest date: 29th July 2011.

Peak count: 6 moths, one night in 2001.


1830 Eupethecia absinthiata - Wormwood Pug



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Many habitats are used, from coastal salt marsh to urban gardens. The larval food plants include Mugwort, Yarrow, Ragworts, Wormwood, Sea Wormwood, Sea Aster, Goldenrod and Michaelmas Daisy.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 29th May 2000.

Latest date: 16th August 2015.

Peak count: Usually seen singly, so 5 moths taken one night in 2013, was above and beyond anything that's ever occurred here before.


1832 Eupethecia assimilata - Currant Pug



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Hedgerows, gardens, allotments etc. The larval food plants are Wild Hop, Black Current and Red Currant.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying in May and June then again in August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 17th April 2007.

Latest date: 20th September 2000.

Peak count: 4 moths, one night in 2006.


1834 Eupethecia vulgata vulgata - Common Pug




Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: They occur in pretty much any lowland habitat feeding on various things such as Sallow, Hawthorn, Bramble, Ragwort, Yarrow and Hogweed.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying in May and June/July then again in August though I get very few after July here?

1999 - 2015 garden records: A common moth around the traps in May and June, always in small numbers.

Earliest date: 26th April 2010.

Latest date: 25th August 2007 though I have caught late moths into September which I wondered may be a third generation? I also once took a scale perfect specimen on 26th October 2006.

Peak count: 17 moths, one night in 2006.


1835 Eupethecia tripunctaria - White-spotted Pug



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Scrubby areas, woodland, hedgerows, rivers and ditches. The larval food plants of the first generation are the flowers of Elder. The second generation larvae feed on various umbelifers such as Cow Parsley, Wild Angelica, Wild Parsnip, Hogweed and Wild Carrot.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May and June then again in August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 2.    2001 = 10.    2002 = 9.    2003 = 2.    2004 = 7.    2005 = 5.    2006 = 4.    2007 = 5.    2008 = 5.    2009 = 9.

2010 = 5.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 4.     2013 = 7.    2014 = 6.    2015 = 1.    2016 = 4.

Earliest date: 15th April 2002.

Latest date: 11th September 2002.

Peak count: Mainly singles, I have taken two moths on only two occasions.


1837 Eupethecia subfuscata - Grey Pug



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Many situations are suitable, both coastal and inland. The larval food plants are variable.

Broods/flight period: Mostly single brooded, flying in May and June. A partial second brood can be seen in August too some years.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 2.    2002 = 4.    2003 = 9.    2004 = 7.    2005 = 5.    2006 = 12.    2007 = 10.    2008 = 1.    2009 = 4.

2010 = 14.   2011 = 5.   2012 = 3.   2013 = 12.  2014 = 20.  2015 = 20.   2016 = 7.

Earliest date: 22nd April 2003.

Latest date: 5th August 2007.

Peak count: 4 moths, one night in 2015.


1838 Eupethecia icterata - Tawny Speckled Pug




Status: In decline.

Habitat/Food plant: Various habitats are suitable. The larval food plants are the leaves and flowers of Yarrow and Sneezewort.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late July till early September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Numbers declined here after the middle 2000's.

The annual counts have been:

1999 = ?   2000 = 12.    2001 = 20.    2002 = 12.    2003 = 17.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 12.    2006 = 25.    2007 = 3.    2008 = 6.    2009 = 1.

2010 = 1.    2011 = 0.    2012 = 1.     2013 = 5.       2014 = 0.     2014 = 0.     2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 30th July 2002.

Latest date: 6th September in both 2005 and 2006.

Peak count: 5 moths, one night in 2006.


1839 Eupethecia succentturiata - Bordered Pug




Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Rough places/disturbed ground where the larval food plant, Mugwort is found.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 10.    2002 = 12.    2003 = 17.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 12.    2006 = 20.    2007 = 10.    2008 = 12.    2009 = 16.

2010 = 5.    2011 = 3.     2012 = 5.     2013 = 15.    2014 = 5.     2015 = 3.     2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 6th July 2005.

Latest date: 17th September 2006.

Peak count: up to 3 moths on a few occasions.


1840 Eupethecia subumrata - Shaded Pug



Status: Almost annual.

Habitat/Food plant: Chalk downland, woodland, road verges, soft cliffs etc. The larval food plants are the flowers of many herbaceous plants such as hawk's-beard, ragwort, Field Scabious, St John's Wort, Wild Marjoram, Spanish Catchfly and Flaxweed.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 2.    2001 = 5.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 1.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 0.    2008 = 2.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 2.    2011 = 1.    2012 = 3.    2013 = 2.    2014 = 1.    2015 = 2.    2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 28th May 2014.

Latest date: 26th July 2009.

Peak count: 2 on 26th June 2001.


1841 Eupethecia millefoliata - Yarrow Pug




Status: Taken most years in very small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Open derelict coastal ground where the larval food plant (Yarrow) grows.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing in June and July/August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 0.    2001 = 1.    2002 = 2.    2003 = 0.    2004 = 2.    2005 = 1.    2006 = 0.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 4.

2010 = 5.    2011 = 5.    2012 = 4.    2013 = 8.    2014 = 5.    2015 = 2.   2016 = 3.

Earliest date: 30th June 2010.

Latest date: 10th August 2002.

Peak count: 2 moths, one night in 2009.


1842 Eupethecia simpliciata - Plain Pug



Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Salt marsh, tidal rivers, coastal cliffs, derelict open ground etc. The larval food plants are various Oraches and Goose-foot.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in July and August.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 29th June 2005.

Latest date: 27th August 2007.

Peak count: 3 moths on a few occasions.


1845 Eupethecia pimpinellata - Pimpinel Pug

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Calcareous grassland, limestone quarries, downland etc. The larval food plant is the ripening seed capsules of Burnet-saxifrage.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying in June and July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record here of a fresh specimen identified retrospectively (years after the capture) from a photograph. I failed to write down the date and the photo was lost due to a a faulty hard-drive.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1846 Eupethecia nanata - Narrow-winged Pug



Status: Scarce, perhaps occurring here as a migrant or an introduced species?

Habitat/Food plant: A moth mainly of heathland and moorland. The larval food plant is Heather.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying from late April till June then again in late July and August.

1999 - 2016 garden records: Four records here, taken on 26th May 2008, May 30th 2008, 25th August 2012 and 18th May 2016.

Earliest date: 26th May 2008.

Latest date: 25th August 2012.

Peak count: Singles only.


1849 Eupethecia innotata - Ash Pug



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, parks, gardens etc. The larval food plant is probably just Ash, it's confusion with Angle-barred and Tamarisk Pugs clouds the issue somewhat?

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing from late May till mid June then again in August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Six records, occurring on 21st August 2001, 19th June 2002, 8th August 2003, 12th August 2003, 4th August 2005, 3rd September 2012 and 25th June 2015.

Earliest date: 19th June 2002.

Latest date: 3rd September 2012.

Peak count: Singles only.


1852 Eupethecia abbreviata - Brindled Pug




Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Mainly a moth of woodland. The larval food plants are Oaks and Hawthorn ... an odd combination?

Broods/flight period: One generation, flying from March till early May.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Usually a scarcity, occurring once during the springs of 2003, 2004 then twice in 2009. In 2011 thing went mad with these things and I took up to 7 moths on six dates between 6th and 25th of April. After this the annual totals were:

2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 2.    2015 = 1.   2016 = 0.

Earliest date: 24th March 2004.

Latest date: 28th April 2009.

Peak count: 7 moths, on April 19th 2011 ... also 6 moths on 23rd April 2011.


1853 Eupethecia dodoneata - Oak-tree Pug



Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Long established woodland, hedgerows and scrub. The larval food plants are the berries and leaves of Hawthorn also the leaves of Pedunculate Oak.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late April till June.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Nine records here, taken in 2002, 2003, twice in 2004, once in 2010, twice in 2011 then once in 2014 and 2015.

Earliest date: 20th April 2011.

Latest date: 27th June 2003.

Peak count: Singles only.


1854 Eupethecia pusillata pusillata - Juniper Pug





Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Moorland, calcareous grassland, gardens etc. The larval food plant is Juniper.

Broods/flight period: One generation, July till September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: 2nd July 2011 and ?? July 2013. I have four older records (before the days of photographs) and wonder if they were accurately identified in retrospect?

Earliest date: ?

Latest date: ?

Peak count: ?


1855 Eupethecia phoeniceata - Cypress Pug



Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Gardens and parks where Cypress grows.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late July till early September.

1999 - 2013 garden records:

Earliest date: 16th July 2007.

Latest date: 28th September 2010.

Peak count: 8 moths, one night in 2003.


1857 Eupethecia tantillaria - Dwarf Pug



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: A moth that occurs mainly around plantations of introduced conifer. The larval food plants are stated as particularly Norway Spruce, Sitka Spruce and Douglas Fir but also other Spruce/Fir/Cypress etc too.

Broods/flight period: One generation flying in May and June.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Only two records here, taken on 10th June 2007 and 14th July 2013.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1858 Chloroclystis v-ata - V-Pug




Status: taken most years in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Parkland, woodland, scrub etc. The larval food plants are the flowers of various plants including Dog Rose, Hawthorn, Traveller's-joy, Hemp Agrimony, Bramble, Elder, Mugwort and Goldenrod.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May and June then again in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 0.    2000 = 1.    2001 = 0.    2002 = 3.    2003 = 9.    2004 = 7.    2005 = 11.    2006 = 1.    2007 = 2.    2008 = 4.    2009 = 5.

2010 = 5.    2011 = 3.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 3.    2014 = 7.    2015 = 2.    2016 = 2.

Earliest date: 7th April 2011.

Latest date: 23rd August 2009.

Peak count:  Two moths, in 2005, 2008 and 2010.


1859 Pasiphila chloerata - Sloe Pug




Status: Scarce.

Habitat/Food plant: Long established hedges, thorn scrub and the edges of woodland. The larval food plant is the flower of Blackthorn.

Broods/flight period:

1999 - 2015 garden records: Nine records here, on 19/06/02, 3/06/04, 7/06/04, 9/06/04, 7/06/05, 9/06/05, 11/06/06, 29/06/2010 and 12/06/2015.

Earliest date: 3rd June 2004.

Latest date: 29th June 2010.

Peak count: Singles only.


1860 Pasiphila rectangulata - Green Pug




Status: Regular in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Parks, Gardens, hedgerows, scrub etc. The larval food plants are the flowers of Crab Apple, Apple, Pear, Hawthorn, Blackthorn andCherry.

Broods/flight period:

1999 - 2015 garden records:

Earliest date: 30th May 2007.

Latest date: 22nd July 2001 and 2013.

Peak count:


1862 Gymnoscelis rufifasciata - Double-striped Pug




Status: Common.

Habitat/Food plant: Wide ranging. The larval food plants are the flowers of many plants, including Holly, Ivy, Broom, Gorse, Heather, Rowan, Traveller's-joy, Buddleias, Rose, Ragwort, Sea Aster etc.

Broods/flight period: Double or treble brooded, flying from March till May, July till August then in September and October.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Regular in small numbers throughout.

Earliest date: 24th February 2006.

Latest date: 8th November 2013.

Peak count: 7 moths, in 2008 and 2009.


1865 Chesias rufata rufata - Broom-tip

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Heathland, Breckland, open moorland, Woodland and scrub. The larval food plant is Broom.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from April till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, on 29th April 2003.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1867 Aplocera plagiata plagiata - Treble-bar




Status: Up and down here, taken most years in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Hot dry open habitats. The larval food plant is Saint John's Wort.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May and June then again in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records:

The annual counts have been:

1999 = 3.    2000 = 8.    2001 = 2.    2002 = 5.    2003 = 7.    2004 = 1.    2005 = 3.    2006 = 2.    2007 = 1.    2008 = 0.    2009 = 2.

2010 = 4.    2011 = 4.    2012 = 0.    2013 = 0.    2014 = 3.   2015 = 3.     2016 = 6.

Earliest date: 9th May 2003.

Latest date: 22nd September 2006.

Peak count: 2 moths, in 1999 and 2003.


1868 Aplocera efformata - Lesser Treble-bar




Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Wide ranging, anywhere from gardens, coastal strips, field margins, woodland rides etc. The larval food plant is Saint John's Wort.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, flying in May and June then again in August and September.

1999 - 2015 garden records: A few records here, I'm not sure how many as I don't entirely trust my own earlier records. After 2010 I only caught two (I think?) including one on 6th September 2016.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1874 Euchoeca nebulata - Dingy Shell



The little critter ... found in one of the traps on 18th May 2014

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: A species of damp woodland and other marshy places. The larval food plant is Alder.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, on the wing from late May till August.

1999 - 2015 garden records: One record, taken on 18th May 2014.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.



1875 Asthena albulata - Small White Wave



The above 'appalling' photo was taken just as the moth flew off ... never to be seen again. 

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, the larval food plants are Hazel, Hornbeam, Birch and Wild Rose.

Broods/flight period: Usually single brooded, flying from May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records here, on 19th May 2004 and 26th June 2004.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1876 Hydrelia flammeolaria - Small Yellow Wave



Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland, scrub and hedgerows. The larval food plants are Field Maple, Sycamore and Alder.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from late May till July.

1999 - 2015 garden records: Two records, on 30th May 2003 then 2nd July 2015.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1877 Hydrelia sylvata - Waved Carpet



6th July 2006 ... unfortunately the photo was taken whilst in a glass tube. 


... and moth number two, taken on 13th July 2015.


The fourth capture taken on 15th July 2017... a dark form known as 'goodwini'. 

Status: Rare.

Habitat/Food plant: Woodland and scrub, often near water. The larval food plants are Sweet Chestnut, Alder, Sallow and Birch.

Broods/flight period: Single brooded, flying from June till August.

1999 - 2017 garden records: Four records of singles taken on 6th July 2006, 13th July 2015, 24th July 2016 and 15th July 2017.

Earliest date: n/a.

Latest date: n/a.

Peak count: n/a.


1883 Acasis viretata - Yellow-barred Brindle




Above: Both forms ... the green type predominates. 

Status: Annual in small numbers.

Habitat/Food plant: Broadleaved woodland, parks and gardens. The larval food plants are Hawthorn, Holly, Ivy, Guelder Rose, Wild Privet and Dogwood.

Broods/flight period: Double brooded, on the wing in May and June then in August and September.

1999 - 2013 garden records:

Earliest date: 8th May 2014.

Latest date: 12th September 2007.

Peak count: 7 moths, one night in 2008.

No comments:

Post a Comment